Burundi: Acute Food Insecurity Situation for April - May 2017 and Projection for June - July 2017
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.04.2017 > 31.07.2017

Key
results


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


A total of 26% of the Burundian population, or more than 2.56 million people, is classified in the humanitarian phases (IPC phase 3 and 4), of which more than 7% are in “Emergency” (IPC phase 4) and are located in the Bugesera and the Imbo plain. Low and medium altitudes (Dépressions de l’Est et du Nord, Plateaux secs de l’Est et Plaine de l’Imbo) were the most affected by the water deficit that characterized the 2017A season and are classified in ‘Crisis” (IPC Phase 3), with pockets of people in “Emergency”(IPC Phase 4). These are the communes of Busoni and Bugabira in the province Kirundo and the municipality of Gihanga in the province of Bubanza. The last time Burundian people had been classified in “Emergency” (IPC Phase 4) was in 2010 following the failure of the 2010A agricultural season and the impact of La Niña phenomenon. The areas of Buragane, Crête Congo Nil, Hautes altitudes et Plateaux humides are classified in “Stressed”(IPC Phase 2) during the months of April and May 2017.

The projected analysis concerns the food situation that may prevail during the harvest and post-harvest period (June - July 2017). This analysis estimates that 16% of the population would be in “Crisis” and “Emergency”, an improvement predicted mainly due to the prospects of good harvests of the season 2017B. Nevertheless, between 20 and 25% of the populations in crisis is expected to be present in the’Imbo, Dépressions du Nord and Plateaux secs de l’Est regions, which would remain classified in phase 3 because of the high level of vulnerability linked with the deterioration of livelihoods, malaria incidence, risk of early rainfall, and a repetition of other climatic hazards (hail, torrential rains and high winds) that could affect crops.


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