Burundi: Acute Food Insecurity Situation April-June 2013
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.04.2013 > 30.06.2013
 
 
 
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Acute
Malnutrition


The areas of livelihoods of Bugesera, Buyenzi, Congo Nile and High Alpine had generally very favorable rainfall during the 2013A season, which allowed a relative stability of the level of agricultural production by last year. Nevertheless, structural constraints that have not always found lasting solutions limit community initiatives even in times of favorable climatic conditions. The main constraints are dependence on the agricultural sector for almost all households and the low level of urbanization which results in high density of population, very low access to land, food prices that are hovering at very high levels, fertility, etc. In wetlands (Buyenzi and Kirimiro natural regions), almost 35% of households farms of less than 0.2 ha and per capita agricultural production is the lowest in the country up to 438 kg EC / household / year in the Kayanza province. This area is most affected by the structural constraints reported in the country.

In the depressions of the eastern part of the country (Moso), the population of the area lives mainly on agriculture, while considering that cassava, rice and bananas are the main crops sources of income and food. The land in the area is very sensitive to the water deficiency due to their clay-like and sandy texture. Bacterial wilt and water deficit caused a fall in production, compared to last year. The population of the area lives mainly thanks to cassava, rice and bananas as main crops, sources of income and feed, which means that the BXW causes a considerable loss of income. In addition, the zone counts most of the returnees whose reintegration process is more or less slow, especially for those who have been displaced for a long time (1972). The Kabarore commune of the High Altitude zone remains classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) because of the structural problems including soil infertility, severe land erosion and a very dense population.

Moreover, the food deficit remains high, ie 358,309 tons of cereal equivalents (EC) during the first half of 2013, food prices have risen steadily as household purchasing power has decreased. This situation linked to the low availability of stocks in households on the one hand and low access to inputs at the start of the season essentially for vulnerable households, on the other. This period also coincides with the lean period which is accompanied by rising food prices in the market and risks raising the level of malnutrition.

In addition to households in IPC Phase 3 crisis, returnees recently returned from Tanzania, people settled on different sites (Integrated Rural Villages and others) and the households of the Ruzyege hill, Busoni commune, from the natural reserve of Murehe, deserve special attention due to the shortage of access to land and drinking water.


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