Burundi: Acute Food Insecurity Situation March-April 2018 and Projection for April-May 2018
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.03.2018 > 31.05.2018
MARCH - APRIL 2018 
APRIL - MAY 2018 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


Between March and mid-April, the harvest and post-harvest period, the Kinyinya commune of the Ruyigi province was classified in the Crisis (IPC Phase 3). The rest of the country was classified in either Stress (IPC Phase 2) or Minimum (IPC Phase 1). During the next lean season from mid-April to May 2018, the proportion of populations in Crisis phase could increase by 3% compared to the current phase. Thus, the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) would rise from 1,460,000 people (13% of the total population) between March and mid-April 2018 to 1,780,000 people (15%) from mid-April to May 2018.

Very good agricultural performances were recorded for the 2018A season, which benefited from a favorable rainfall regime, especially in the Northern, Eastern and Imbo Plains Depressions, which were the most vulnerable to the previous water deficits. It is for this reason that the food situation is globally homogeneous throughout the countryThe Kinyinya commune in the province of Ruyigi is an exception because of the recorded climatic hazards and plant pest attacks that occurred during the season, hence its Crisis status for both periods of analysis.

Even though the 2018A agricultural season has been more productive compared to the previous A seasons, a considerable number of people in are facing acute food insecurity in Burundi, even during harvest and post harvest. The structural problems of low access to land (due to the high density of the population), the loss of soil fertility, partially addressed by the PNSEB, low yieldspoor quality of production and food consumption, were major factors underlying the food stress recorded for almost 45% of the rural population. The Kinyinya commune classified in food crisis was particularly hit by water shortages, by armyworm attacks on corn crops, and by high winds and hail, all of which negatively affected the perfomance of agricultural production.


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