Burundi: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation December 2014 - 2019
IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analyses results are valid up to 5 years, in absence of unusual shocks.
31.12.2014 > 31.12.2019


& next steps


According to the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity classification: 

  • 21% of the total population in Burundi are facing severe chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 4);
  • 29% moderate chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 3); 
  • 25% mild chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 2), and 
  • 25% co chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 1). 

The provinces of Bubanza, Cankuzo, Karusi, Kirundo, Kayanza, Muramvya, Muyinga, Ngozi, Rutana and Ruyigi are at level 4, while the remaining provinces are at level 3.

The underlying factors of chronic food insecurity in Burundi are very critical. Considering that 90% of the population rely on agriculture, the availability of agricultural land is a limitation because the national average area is 0.5 ha per household, with provinces that have a density exceeding 400 inhabitants per km². Poverty in Burundi established by ISTEEBU in 2014 indicates that 58.3% of the population is classified as poor and that individual monetary poverty is 64.6%. The same report indicates that 72.7% of expenditure is allocated to food, while sources of income are limited and very little diversified. 

The results of the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity analysis will remain valid for next 3 to 5 years, in the absence of any structural changes.

  • Agricultural production provides only 65% of food availability requirements, less than 50% for cereals and pulses
  • Food access is particularly limited due to high prices of staple foods, which have risen by more than 40% over the 10-year period
  • Scarce availability of agricultural land (national average of 0.5 ha per household)
  • Limited and scarcely diversified sources of income

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