Protocol 3.1: Produce the IPC analysis report

At the conclusion of the analysis process, the analysis team should draft the key messages to be included in the report. The IPC Analysis Report outlined below should be finalized and released preferably within 15 days of the completion of analysis. All IPC reporting should contain the minimum information, as per Table 41. 

If IPC Acute Food Insecurity and Acute Malnutrition analyses are conducted simultaneously, it is highly recommended that one report be produced combining the analyses results.

The IPC Modular Communication Template

The IPC Modular Communication Template provides a standard format and content guide for developing IPC Analysis Reports. The Template was developed to meet the different interests and needs of a variety of IPC stakeholders while ensuring that the minimum requirements for communicating IPC results are met. By using the Template, IPC Analysis Reports effectively communicate key findings in a clear, concise, accessible and consistent format.

The IPC Modular Communication Template for Acute Malnutrition consists in ten modules: (1) Key facts and messages; (2) Classification maps and estimated number of children acutely malnourished and in need of treatment; (3) Situation overview and key drivers; (4) Recommendations for action; (5) Detailed number of children who are acutely malnourished and in need of treatment; (6) Process, methodology and data sources; (7) Results in figures; (8) Summary of factors contributing to Acute Malnutrition; (9) Profile of the most-affected areas; and (10) Results of other IPC classifications.

General considerations for completing the IPC Modular Communication Template include the following:

  • It is advised that all modules of the Template be completed. At minimum, the full IPC Analysis Report should include Module 1 to 6; Modules 7 to 10 are optional.
  • Modules can be selected and combined to develop specific products that meet the needs of different stakeholders. See Box 90 for examples of a selection of modules for different audiences.
  • Modules are designed to ensure consistent IPC branding as well as ownership. Key information should be provided, e.g. name of the country, contacts, institution hosting the IPC, resource partners and logos of others.
  • An Integrated Food Security and Nutrition Modular Communication Template is available and should be used to produce a report combing Acute Food Insecurity and Acute Malnutrition results.
  • The IPC Modular Communication Template can be developed in the ISS or offline in MS WordTM.
  • The use of the IPC Modular Template does not prevent countries from producing further documents or incorporating IPC results in other documents

Module 1: Key Facts and Messages

Purpose: To provide concise responses to the key five questions: how severe, how many, when, where and why (Box 91).

Key information:

  • Total number of children acutely malnourished and in need of treatment: In the table (Box 90), provide: (i) the total number of children who are acutely malnourished and in need of treatment (GAM); (ii) the number of cases of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM); and, if available (iii) pregnant lactating women acutely malnourished and in need of treatment.
  • How severe, how many and when: Briefly describe the situation in terms of number of children acutely malnourished for the current period and how severe the situation is for the projected period.
  • Where: Briefly describe the most affected areas.
  • Why: Briefly describe main factors driving the acute malnutrition.
  • Current and projected situation maps: Insert a small IPC classification map for current and projected periods.

Module 2: Classification maps and estimated number of children acutely malnourished and in need of treatment

Purpose: To provide large-scale, more detailed classification maps for both the current and projected situation, and the estimated number of children acutely malnourished and in need of treatment (Box 92).

Key information:

  • Classification maps: Include and scale the classification maps to fit the dedicated space in the module. Use Module 2 specifically for current and projected maps. Insert a short text explaining the maps.
  • Total number of acutely malnourished children in need of treatment: Develop a summary table with the total number of acutely malnourished children in need of treatment, specifically including the number of children under five. Provide a breakdown by total (GAM), moderate (MAM) and severe (SAM) categories. Aggregate findings at the most suitable level with the name of the administrative subdivision, bearing in mind that the table should not exceed ten areas (consider aggregating by regions if needed). Ensure numbers align with numbers provided in Modules 1, 5 and 7 (if developed).

Module 3: Situation overview and key drivers

Purpose: To provide a more detailed analysis of current and projected classification to answer the five key questions of how severe, how many, where, when, and why, already briefly answered in Module 1 (Box 93).

Key information:

A. Current situation overview, considering:

  1. context, including relevant historical information and trends;
  2. summary of classification results in terms of where, how many and how severe, focusing on worst-affected areas and children;
  3. current conditions, focusing on reference to acute malnutrition;
  4. why, focusing on keyd rivers, including identification of key shocks and vulnerabilities contributing to the situation;how different, providing a comparison with the previous IPC analyses to show any changeover time and with other areas.

B. Projected situation overview, considering:

  1. Context, including seasonally andexpected usual impact of shocksduring the projected period;
  2. Key assumptions for the projectedperiod, including:
  • an assessment of past and forecastedshocks, diseases, and food consumption patterns that are most likely going to impact future acute malnutrition;
  • critical reasoning for conclusionon likely changes in acute malnutritionlevels.

See Box 94 for an example of a situation overview.

Module 4: Recommendations for action

Purpose: To provide general recommendations for: (i) response priorities; (ii) situation monitoring and update; and (iii) data collection and information systems (Box 95).

Key information:

A. Response priorities:

  1. Identify immediate and short- and long-term response objectives, focusing on the Acute Malnutrition levels as well as the major contributing factors to Acute Malnutrition.

B. Situation monitoring and update:

  1. Identify IPC analysis plans to monitor the situation. Indicate timing of future IPC analysis.
  2. Identify key risk factors to monitor that would trigger the need to update the analysis. Particular attention should be paid to factors such as conflict, possible disease outbreaks, and the food security situation, which inform key assumptions underpinning the phase classification.
  3. Identify recommendations for data collection and information systems, i.e. timing, coverage and indicators as relevant to fill the data quality and other gaps faced during the analysis.

Module 5: Estimated number of children who are acutely malnourished and in need of treatment

Purpose: To develop and shares the estimates of number of children who are acutely malnourished and in need of treatment (Box 96).

Key information:

  • An overview of methods for estimating the number of children in need.
  • A brief methodological note on how the total number of children in need was estimated. The note should describe the approach used to estimate populations.
  • Specification of what prevalence was used in the calculation of total number of children in need – i.e. if GAM based on WHZ, or GAM based on MUAC, or the combination of the two was used to calculate the total number of children in need.
  • A table indicating the number of children in need.
  • A detailed table developed and inserted with the total number of GAM, MAM and SAM cases for each area of analysis. Also include the total number of population and number of children under-five for each area of analysis.

Specification of the phase classification for each area analysed.

Module 6: Process and methodology 

Purpose: To describe the IPC approach, the analysis process, main data sources and key limitations (Box 97).

Key information:

A. Process and methodology

  • Detail the analysis process, including reference to the national Technical Working Group, institutional arrangements, training, and activities undertaken before, during and after analysis.
  • Include a list of main data sources used.

B. Limitations of the analysis

  • Identify limitations of the analysis, including technical and process challenges, such as evidence gaps, institutional arrangements and participation.

Module 7: Results in figures

Purpose: Presents key results in easily accessible infographics (Box 98).

Key information:

Graphic visual representation of the most important results/information of the IPC analysis for the current and projected period (if available), specifically:

  • IPC map(s): of current and projected period.
  • Population figures: Insert the number of acutely malnourished children (divided into Moderate and Severe Acute Malnutrition) and, if available, pregnant or lactating women who are malnourished as in Module 1.
  • Area classification: Insert the number of areas classified in each phase.
  • Prevalence of Acute Malnutrition in the most affected areas: Provide the total number of children affected by SAM, MAM and GAM and are in need of treatment and the standard method used at country level by the Country Nutrition Clusters/Sectors.
  • Key drivers: Decide on four to six key drivers to highlight in the infographic, write them down and add the appropriate icons/images.
  • Projection: Indicate in how many areas the situation may likely improve, deteriorate or remain stable.

Module 8: Summary of factors contributing to Acute Malnutrition

Purpose: To provide an overview of the key drivers triggering Acute Malnutrition (Box 99).

Key information:

For the areas classified in IPC Acute Malnutrition Phase 3+, use the table provided in the module to indicate the major, minor and no contributing factors as well as no data availability per area.

Module 9: Profiles of the most-affected areas

Purpose: To present key findings and observations for each area or group of major concern (Box 100).

Key information:

  • Provide an overview of the current and projected conditions, including references to evidence, and answer the five key questions (how severe, how many, why, when, where) specifically for that area/group. Provide recommendations for action as relevant
  • Develop or cut the portion of the IPC map(s) focusing on the area for the current and projected period.
  • Fill in the table with total number of children affected by GAM, SAM and MAM, and pregnant and lactating women if available.
  • Insert icons representing two to four key driving factors for that area.

Module 10: Results of other IPC classifications (as applicable)

Purpose: contextualize the current classification in relation to relevant IPC Acute Food Insecurity and/or Chronic Food Insecurity analysis, presenting the linkages and complementarity between them, as well as providing trends over time (Box 101).

Key information:

  • Provide a critical reasoning of linkages and complementarity between Acute Food Insecurity, Chronic Food Insecurity and Acute Malnutrition.
  • Identify areas where conditions co-exist, such as different classification combinations (e.g. low Acute Food Insecurity and high Acute Malnutrition, high Acute Food Insecurity and low Acute Malnutrition), common drivers (contributing factors and denominators).
  • Present historical maps (if possible) side by side, such as on trends of classifications and possible patterns, especially those of Acute Food Insecurity and Acute Malnutrition and possible patterns.