Kenya: Acute Malnutrition Situation July 2019 and Projection for August - October 2019
01.07.2019 > 31.10.2019



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DISCLAIMER: Please note that this IPC Acute Malnutrition analysis was integrated with an IPC Acute Food Insecurity analysis.

Current Situation Overview

According to the Integrated Phase Classification for Acute Malnutrition conducted in July 2019, nutrition situation has deteriorated in several counties compared to February 2019 (Figure 1) with Laisamis, Turkana South and North being in extremely critical phase (Phase 5; GAM WHZ ≥30 percent). North Horr, Turkana Central and West, Mandera, Wajir, Garissa as well as Tiaty in Baringo County were in critical phase (Phase 4; GAM WHZ 15.0 - 29.9 percent) while West Pokot and Isiolo Counties were classified in serious phase (Phase 3; GAM WHZ 10.0 -14.9 percent). Saku, Moyale, Baringo North and South were in poor phase (Phase 2; GAM WHZ ≥ 5 to 9.9 percent) while Laikipia, Kitui, Narok, Kajiado, Taita Taveta, Kilifi, Kwale and Lamu were in acceptable phase (Phase 1; GAM WHZ

The high prevalence of acute malnutrition is mainly attributed to poor food availability with low milk production and consumption and increasing food prices observed in the most affected areas This has resulted from the cumulative negative effect of the below average 2018 short rains and the late on set of the 2019 long rains. High morbidity, limited access to health and nutrition services following scale down of integrated outreaches in some areas such as Laisamis in Marsabit, poor child practices coupled with pre-existing factors such as poverty, high illiteracy and poor infrastructure have aggravated the problem. Rains have been received in selected parts of ASAL counties such as Turkana and pasture has regenerated. However, the effect of the rains on milk availability will not be felt in the coming few months as animals will take time to breed as their body condition recover.

Projected Situation Overview

Acute malnutrition levels are expected to remain high though in the same phase in most areas assessed except in North Horr and Moyale which will deteriorate to phase 5 and 3 respectively. The expected high malnutrition levels will be mainly due to the projected food insecurity resulting from the increasing food prices, reduced milk availability as animals move further away from homes in search of pasture and deteriorating animal condition. The expected deterioration of WASH indicators due to drought and the associated increase in WASH related morbidities, the persistent cholera outbreak in selected counties such as Kajiado and Wajir and, Kalazaar in Marsabit and Wajir will impact negatively on malnutrition levels in the affected counties. 

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