Kenya: Acute Food Insecurity Situation August 2018 and Projection for September - November 2018
01.08.2018 > 30.11.2018
August 2018 
September-November 2018 



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DISCLAIMER: pelase note that this IPC Acute Food Insecurity analysis was integrated with an IPC Acute Malnutrition analysis referring to the same period. Please click here.

  • Following the above-normal long rains across the country, significant improvement in food and nutrition situation was realized as evidenced by proportion of households with acceptable food consumption scores as result of improved crop and livestock productivity.
  • Considering many of the arid counties experienced severe drought in the last three seasons, recovery has been slow and therefore there exists small proportion of households with poor food consumption gaps.
  • Consequently, the 2018 long rains assessment established that approximately 700,000 people in arid and semi-arid (ASAL) counties are facing acute food insecurity and need immediate humanitarian assistance. This figure is significantly lower than the 2.55 million identified in February 2018 after the last short rains assessment.
  • Significant improvement in nutrition status for children under five years in most of the counties was realized and attributable to increased household food availability.
  • Government interventions and stakeholders contribution in the 23 ASAL counties in cushioning food insecure households through provision of both food and non-food assistance across sectors has further strengthened recovery. 

The following factors are the driving attributes to the current food and nutrition security situation:

  • Rainfall - The seasonal rainfall totals recorded during the 2018 March-April-May (MAM) long rains were one of the highest in about 70 years with most counties receiving rainfall amounts exceeding 350 percent of normal. The enhanced rainfall led to flooding which caused 150 deaths, displacement of over 350,000 people, crop losses, and significant damage to property and infrastructure along with disruption of services. However, positive impact was realized in both forage regeneration and optimal recharge of water sources.
  • Human and livestock disease outbreaks - Outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in Wajir, Marsabit, Isiolo, Garissa, Mandera, Baringo, Meru North, Tana River and Kilifi Counties. RVF led to both human and livestock fatalities.
  • Fall Armyworm infestation - Mainly experienced in the mixed farming and agro pastoral livelihood zones where the pest caused substantial destruction to the maize crop and subsequent reduction in maize production.
  • Human-wildlife conflicts - This was evident in Taita Taveta, Meru North, Samburu, Laikipia and Tana River.
  • Insecurity - Terror related incidences were reported in Lamu, Isiolo, Mandera and Moyale in Marsabit.
  • Locust invasion - Largely experienced in Marsabit and Turkana with the pest invading both pasture and browse. 

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