Honduras: Acute Food Insecurity Situation December 2018 - February 2019 and Projection for March - May 2019
Gulf of Fonseca Region (Attached Report in Spanish)
01.12.2018 > 31.05.2019


& next steps


During the current period – December 2018 to February 2019 – the most vulnerable households in the Gulf of Fonseca Region of Honduras, located in the Central American Dry Corridor, have been classified thus: 48,000 inhabitants (3% of the population analysed) in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency), 225,000 inhabitants (16% of the population analysed) in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), and 395,000 people (28% of the population analysed) in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed).

Among the main factors that explain this classification, are the extreme drought (prolonged canicula), since a proportion of the population was affected by the losses in the Primera harvest; and the floods, since these affected another proportion of the population regarding the sowing of Postrera. Another proportion of the population was affected by both situations, which resulted in low reserves, estimated to last until December, except for the case of Valle, where they were expected to last until January 2019.

Other factors are the use of strategies to cope with crises or emergencies in the deterioration of their livelihoods, reduced consumption, and more than half of households spending more than 50% of their total expenditure on the purchase of food.

During the projection period – March to May 2019 – it is very likely that households in IPC Phase 4 will have exhausted their assets and will represent greater gaps in food consumption, and those in IPC Phase 3 will probably carry out emergency coping strategies.

218,416 people (16% of the population analysed) have been classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), of which about 49,000 (3% of the population analysed) could be found in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency), due to the impacts of climate variability that have affected the region and others related to limited food reserves.

It is important to mention that according to the available data of ENDESA (2011-2012), no department presented acute malnutrition above 5% nor a mortality of children under 5 years of age above 1 x 10,000 per day, in both the current and projected periods.

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