Uganda: Acute Food Insecurity Situation September - December 2014
01.09.2014 > 31.12.2014


& next steps


This IPC Uganda acute food insecurity analysis, compiled from 8 to 12 September 2014, gives a snapshot in time of the current and projected severity of the situation, regardless of the causes, context, or duration. The purpose is to inform short term strategic interventions for the communities facing food insecurity issues in all regions of Uganda.

The whole country is generally food secure (phase 1) with the exception of the Karamoja region which is majorly stressed with some eastern and central areas of the region in crisis (phase 3). Teso and Northern Uganda also present a few pockets of stress in areas that are prone to flooding (IPC analysis September, 2014).

89 percent of the population in Uganda is minimally food insecure (phase 1). This population still has normal access to food from own production and in the market following average harvests from first season 2014. Food prices in the market are affordable. They have acceptable food consumption score; can afford at least three meals per day of a diversified diet and have low GAM rates. They also have adequate energy intake. The available food stocks at household level is expected to last them up to December, with supplementation from the second season crop which is likely to be good.

10 percent of the total population in the country is in phase 2 (stressed). These are scattered across the country with the majority in Karamoja, Teso Acholi and central 1 and central 2 regions. This has been attributed to poor rainfall performance during the first season of 2014, which was characterized by long dry spells, fires, hailstorms, windstorms, flooding and water logging. These had a significant impact on all crop harvests especially for cereals and pulses in terms quality and quantity, and postharvest losses. The prevalence of livestock diseases is high in these regions. Crop diseases such as Banana Bacterial Wilt and Cassava Brown Streak Disease are affecting crop production in Central and Western Uganda were bananas and cassava are major staple crops.

The food security prospects of Karamoja are thus expected to get worse in the months to come if the current rains continue while the rest of the county will maintain minimal to no food insecurity (phase 1) for the period October to December 2014.

The main factors driving food insecurity in the country are:

  • poor rainfall performance during the first season of 2014
  • high prevalence of livestock diseases
  • crop diseases such as Banana Bacterial Wilt and Cassava Brown Streak Disease

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