Uganda: Acute Food Insecurity Situation in June - September 2013
01.06.2013 > 30.09.2013


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1.2 percent of the population is in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) with food consumption gaps, high GAM rates, and are marginally able to meet their minimum food needs through accelerated depletion of assets. These include the poor and destitute households in Karamoja and Acholi regions, those affected and displaced by the flooding in the Elgon and Western Uganda.

18.3 percent of the population is in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed) with minimally adequate food because of declining or depleted food stocks, effects of the on-going dry spell that has reduced crop yields, and crop diseases especially cassava mosaic and brown streak diseases, banana bacterial wilt and maize stalk borer disease which have reduced crop production. There has been a reduction in livestock products especially milk due to effects of the dry spell on pastures and water. A rise in food prices especially maize and beans is expected by end of September. This is likely to affect household consumption and availability of animal feeds for poultry and pigs. Households expected to cope by reducing the number of meals, sale of livestock, charcoal, firewood and labour to get income to buy food.

80.5 percent of the national population is in phase 1 (Minimal food insecurity). Food availability is stable to this pupation because food stocks from the previous season are still available, fairly good bean harvests, good yields for bananas and root crops. Food supply in markets is stable for those who depend on market purchases for food. It is however anticipated that overall harvests from first season of 2013 will reduce significantly due to effects of the dry spell that has been experienced since June in some areas.

Major limiting factors to food security:

  • Depleted household stocks from the previous season;
  • Poor harvests associated with declining soil fertility and high variability of rainfall
  • High food prices
  • Low income levels that lead to reduced purchasing power amongst the poor population.
  • Livestock Diseases mainly Foot and Mouth Disease, (CBPP), PPR and CCPP in all districts plus trypanasomiasis
  • Crop Diseases especially Banana Bacterial Wilt, cassava mosaic and cassava brown streak
  • Human Diseases especially malaria, HIV/AIDS and diarrhea
  • Poor food preparation methods associated with poor hygiene practices and poor water quality.
  • Low dietary diversity and lack of knowledge on food preparation and dietary diversity
  • Cross border trade
  • Low latrine coverage that predisposes the population to diseases like diahorea
  • Poor child care and feeding practices¬†

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