Uganda: Acute Food Insecurity Situation January-March 2017
27.01.2017 > 31.03.2017



& next steps


69% of the total population in the country is minimally food insecure (IPC Phase 1). This population’s food security situation is stable and has access to a variety of adequate food both from household stocks and the market. These households still have food stocks from the second harvest that are expected to last for the next 2-3 months and there is unlikely to be any food shortages for those that depend on market purchase. This proportion of the population have adequate income to purchase food from the markets.However, livestock production for this population is average due to declining pasture and water conditions as dry conditions persist. The population currently in IPC Phase 1 is expected to remain in the same phase though stress may increase just before the rains start.

26% of the total population in the country is facing stressed food insecurity (IPC Phase 2). This population has minimum adequate food consumption, employing insurance strategies and are unable to afford some essential non-food expenditures. All regions in the country have a stressed population with East Central having the highest population (at 1.88 million) followed by South Western (1.24 million), Teso (1.1 million) and West Nile (1.04 million). The prolonged dry spell due to the La nina event coupled with increasing incidences of crop and livestock pests and diseases such as Cassava Brown Streak, Cassava Mosaic, maize stalk borer, striga and Banana Bacterial Wilt grossly affected production reducing the availability and accessibility of food for this population. The low crop and livestock production negatively impacted household food stocks leading to increased reliance on markets for food. Increasing demand from external markets has induced food price increases, making it difficult for poor households to access food from the market. Deteriorating water and pasture conditions mainly in the cattle corridor have resulted in migrations of livestock keepers, reduction in livestock production and increased spread of livestock diseases. Livestock keepers have been reported to migrate from Karamoja to Lango, Acholi, Teso and Elgon competing for pasture and water. The over whelming influx of refugees from South Sudan has increased demand for food and services in West Nile region.

5% of the total population in the country is in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). This population has widening food consumption gaps with deteriorating dietary diversity and high malnutrition rates. They are found in Central 1 (0.58 million), Karamoja (0.12 million), Teso (0.2 million), East Central (0.38 million) and South Western (0.31 million)regions. The affected population includes the poorest households with poor food consumption score, low meal frequencies of up to 1 meal a day and low dietary diversity of less than 3 food groups. They have poor purchasing power as their incomes are low and no food stocks at household level. They are mainly coping through food assistance, remittances from relatives, begging, stealing food, wild food gathering and irreversible sale of productive assets to buy food. This population currently needs assistance to bridge the widening food consumption gaps and avert worsening malnutrition.

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