El Salvador: Acute Food Insecurity Situation July - August 2021 and Projections for September 2021 - February 2022 and March to May 2022
Over 900,000 people will be in high acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) during the March-May 2022 seasonal hunger period.
01.07.2021 > 31.05.2022


& next steps


More than 800,000 people in El Salvador (13% of the analysed population) experienced high levels of acute food insecurity, classified in Crisis or worse (IPC Phase 3 or above) from July to August 2021, due to the combined impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, high food prices, and low household income. From July to August 2021, the departments classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) were Ahuachapán and Morazán, while the rest of El Salvador was classified in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). The number of people experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity will likely decrease to around 600,000 (10% of the analysed population) from September 2021 to February 2022 and increase to around 900,000 (14% of the analysed population) between March and May 2022.

For the months of September 2021 to February 2022, despite the expected increase in economic activity in different areas, mainly the sale of agricultural labor, the increase in the minimum wage in the formal sector, the upward trend in the flow of remittances and the postrera harvest of basic grains such as corn and beans, contribute to improve household incomes and ensure food reserves. However, the high probability of the occurrence of the La Niña phenomenon (65%) may negatively affect the postrera harvest and, therefore, compromise the availability of food reserves, the main source of food for subsistence farming families. 

For the period of March to May 2022, Ahuachapán and Morazán are expected to be in Crisis (Phase 3), as a result of the seasonal reduction in the sale of agricultural labor during the dry season, generating a decrease in income during this period of the year. In addition, it is estimated, that the slow economic recovery due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to affect different sectors of the population in the labor market, especially the informal sector dependent on precarious incomes. However, at the national level, actions continue to be taken to mitigate the impact on households, so that the second projected figure for next year could decrease. 

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