El Salvador: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation 2015 - 2020
01.07.2015 > 31.07.2020


& next steps


  • More than half of households in El Salvador are with some degree of chronic food insecurity (Levels 2, 3 or 4 of the IPC scale).
  • 20% of households are in Levels 3 (15%) or 4 (5%). That is to say that their food consumption has energy deficits for at least 2 months per year and their dietary energy consumption is nutritionally deficient. In addition, they are probably households with children in moderate or severe chronic malnutrition.
  • 35% of households have been classified in Level 2, with ability to access an adequate diet but not always a consumption of a diet with quality.
  • Ten of the fourteen departments have been classified in Level 3 and therefore at least 20% of their households are found at Level 3 of chronic food insecurity or worse.
  • According to the international protocol of the IPC, urgent actions are needed to counteract the factors limiting the adequate consumption of food in nutritional quantity and quality and the malnutrition of the members of households classified in Levels 3 and 4.

Driving factors of food insecurity:

In the departments classified in Level 3, access to food is the biggest constraint, due to the low level of income of laborers with little or no land combined with the high seasonal prices of staple foods. Also in Sonsonate and Chalatenango, the low percentage of children under six receiving exclusive breastfeeding and high percentage of households with access to water fit for human consumption, are also main constraints.

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