Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Acute Food Insecurity Situation June - December 2014
11th IPC analysis cycle (Eastern DRC)
01.06.2014 > 31.12.2014


& next steps


The 11th IPC analysis cycle covers five of the eleven provinces of the country, located in Eastern DRC and mostly affected by armed conflicts in a context of generalized poverty and weak representation of State Institutions. 

The analysis took into account 67 territories and the findings depending on the consequences on food consumption, the evolution of livelihoods, nutritional state, mortality, underlying causes and specific vulnerabilities, show that 22 territories are in humanitarian phase (of which 4 in emergency phase 4 and 18 in phase 3), 39 zones are under pressure (phase 2) and 6 were unclassified due to the lack of rigorous and converging proofs. 

In the East, according to the analysis of June 2014, the population in acute food and livelihood crisis is estimated at 4.1 million people. Compared to the findings of the 10th analysis cycle of December 2013, there has been a slight improvement of the situation in the North-eastern part, notably in the South of Irumu (Orientale Province) which has moved from phase 4 to 3. In Southern-Kivu, the bordering zone of Punia in the Maniema Province, the situation remains precarious, whereas the situation remains unchanged in Katanga.

The spatial distribution of zones in acute food insecurity is as follows:

Phase 4 (Emergency): 4 territories have been classified in this phase: they are: (i) Punia (Maniema Province), with the area of Babira Bakwame; (ii) Mitwaba, (iii) Manono and (i) Pweto (Katanga Province), the health zones of Kiambi (Manono), Mitwaba and Pweto. These zones are persistently under the threat of armed conflicts.

Phase 3 (Crisis): Nearly 18 territories are in this phase namely due to various crises aggravated by a generalised precariousness and poverty. These zones are subject to attacks by armed groups, natural disasters, land and intercommunity conflicts in addition to alarming indicators in the sectors of nutrition, food security, health, water, hygiene and sanitation.

The main factors driving food insecurity are:

  • attacks by armed groups
  • displacement of populations
  • land and intercommunity conflicts
  • lack of access to drinking water
  • looting of farms and property 

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