Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): Acute Food Insecurity Situation December 2013 - June 2014
10th IPC analysis round
01.12.2013 > 30.06.2014


& next steps


The 10th analysis cycle on the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification undertaken in December 2013 revealed that 6.7 million people are classified in Phases 3 (Crisis) and 4 (Emergency) and are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.

In comparison with the 9th cycle of June, food security has globally experienced a slight deterioration and remains very worrying in certain territories, particularly Irumu in "Province Orientale", Punia in Maniema, Manono, Mitwaba and Pweto in the Katanga Province. The proportion of people facing food security crisis and emergency situation is estimated at 11% of the rural population.

The geographical distribution shows that 5 zones are in emergency phase (phase 4), 68 zones are facing food crisis situation (phase 3) and 63 zones are under pressure, in phase 2. 

The causes of food insecurity in DRC are:

  • the persistence of armed group operations
  • violence perpetrated by armed groups and the aftermath of military operations in the East;
  • the high prevalence of acute malnutrition which affects a large proportion of children aged less than 5 years;
  • the inadequate food consumption of poor families in terms of poor calorific value and unbalanced;
  • diseases and various natural disasters (climate perturbations, flood, problem in rain patterns, landslides especially); with a more or less important impact on crops, livestock, and infrastructure. 

Moreover, it is worth noting that the causes of food insecurity in DRC are various and diversified and closely related to the generalized poverty of rural population. The entire country, in rural areas, almost experiences a lack of basic infrastructure and general problems related to rural development.

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