Haiti: Acute Food Insecurity Situation for October 2019 - February 2020 and Projection for March - June 2020
3.67 million people in need of urgent food assistance
01.10.2019 > 30.06.2020


& next steps


According to the IPC analysis conducted in October 2019 at the national level, for the current period from October 2019 to February 2020, 10% of the population analysed (1,046,000 people) is in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) and 25% (2,627,000 people) is in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), representing approximately 35% of the population analysed or 3.67 million in need of urgent action.  For the projected period, from March to June 2020, 12% (1,203,000 people) of the analyzed population is in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) and 28% (2,898,000 people) is in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), representing approximately 40% of the analyzed population or 4.1 million who will need urgent action. Whether in the current or projected period, the situation appears to be more deteriorated in rural areas with 38% and 42% of the population respectively in Phase 3 and above compared to 28% and 31% respectively in urban areas. 

Among the areas analysed, two are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4): the lower northwest in rural areas and the very poor districts of Cité Soleil in urban areas. With the exception of certain middle and better-off districts in the metropolitan area which are classified as Stress (IPC Phase 2), the rest of the areas analysed (32 out of 39) are classified as Crisis (IPC Phase 3).  The area with the highest percentage of people in Crisis and Emergency situations (IPC Phase 3 and 4) is the poorest neighbourhoods of Cité Soleil with a proportion of 55% of households. Among the areas classified as Crisis (IPC Phase 3), for the rural areas Artibonite HT03 and Nippes HT07 (50%) and the two areas of Grand'Anse (45%) have the highest percentage of people in need of immediate assistance, while in the metropolitan area 35% of the populations of the moderately poor areas of Cité Soleil and the very poor districts of Croix des Bouquets are in need of urgent action.

Rising staple food prices (annual inflation of about 22.6%), the depreciation of the gourd against the dollar by about 24% year-on-year (October 2018-2019), socio-political unrest and deteriorating security conditions have greatly reduced access to food for the poorest households.  In rural areas, the 2018 drought, which lasted until the first half of 2019, caused agricultural production in many parts of the country to decline by about 12% compared to last year.

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