Mozambique: Acute Food Insecurity April - September 2019 and Projection for October 2019 - February 2020
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01.04.2019 > 29.02.2020


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DISCLAIMER: Please note that this IPC Acute Food Insecurity analysis was integrated with an IPC Acute Malnutrition analysis.

Multiple and consecutive shocks have caused the current acute food insecurity situation in Mozambique. While drought and pests affected much of the country, the central area was severely hit by cyclones Desmond and Idai, and the northern area by Cyclone Kenneth as well as insecurity.

As a result, major agricultural losses, destruction of infrastructure, assets and livelihoods, internal displacement and other damages were observed. It is estimated that 1,648,646 people currently (April – September 2019) face difficulties in accessing food to meet acceptable food needs.

In the projection period from October 2019 to February 2020, it is expected that this number of people could increase to 1,994,538 if there are no humanitarian interventions and taking into account that this is the period of the lean season.

The results of the analysis using IPC protocols for 39 districts are presented below:

Of the 39 districts analysed using IPC, it is estimated that from October 2019, at least 12 districts require a combination of urgent interventions such as food assistance, agricultural inputs, infrastructure reconstruction and livelihoods.

These should be linked to medium and long-term interventions aimed at decreasing chronic vulnerability in Mozambique.

Approximately 67,500 children under five years of age in 31 districts analysed need treatment for acute malnutrition. Thus, a deterioration of the situation is expected in the coming months, especially in the projection period, if these interventions are not implemented on time.

In addition to the 39 districts analysed on the basis of the IPC, there are 24 other districts affected by the shocks. Using secondary data, an estimated number of 290,600 people in acute food insecurity was estimated. These people are included in the 1,648,646 described above.

It is projected that the food insecurity and acute malnutrition situation will prevail until the end of February 2020. It is believed that humanitarian assistance already provided in the most affected areas has prevented a more severe deterioration. In the central area, there are indications that part of the agricultural losses will be offset by the production of the second season, and prospects of reconstruction and good agricultural production in the 2019/2020 season.

It was concluded that a more severe situation could probably be observed if mitigation and reconstruction interventions had not been implemented, especially in Buzi and Nhamatanda, where food assistance was significant and reached more than 25% of the population with more than half of their food needs. In these areas, many households received agricultural inputs and benefited from good residual soil moisture.

In some places such as Ibo and Beira, access to reconstruction work funded by government, international agencies and private companies will also mitigate the severity. Other activities such as fishing, casual labor and sale of animals contribute to reducing the impact of food insecurity.

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