Mozambique: Acute Food Insecurity Situation September - December 2018 and Projection January - March 2019
Attached Report in Portuguese
01.09.2018 > 31.03.2019


& next steps


The IPC analysis for the period between September and December 2018 identified 1,780,512 people in a ‘Crisis’ situation (IPC Phase 3) in 11 provinces of the country. Only the Gaza Province had more than 20% of the people in ‘Crisis’, corresponding to 318,264 people. The remaining provinces were classified in IPC Phase 2 (20% or more in ‘Stress’), with the exception of the provinces of Maputo City and Niassa that were classified in IPC Phase 1 (80% or more in minimal food insecurity). Locations with 20% or more of the population in ‘Crisis’ required urgent humanitarian assistance interventions.

  • By December 2018, 814,000 people were prioritized in 31 districts as requiring urgent humanitarian assistance interventions. As for the period between January and March 2019, the projected number is 737,000 people who may need humanitarian assistance.
  • Data from satellite estimates show that the 2017/18 agricultural period was characterized by the late onset of rains followed by the occurrence of long periods of drought.
  • The results of the August / September 2018 acute food insecurity analysis show that throughout the country: a) 16% of households reported that the 2017/18 agricultural period was affected by drought or rainfall, with a higher incidence in the provinces of Tete (43%), Gaza (37%) and Inhambane (27%); b) 56% of the households had maize reserves at the time of the survey, 51% had cassava stocks and 55% had stocks of beans and peanuts. Of the 56% of households that had maize reserves, most (52%) had reserves that would last no longer than three months, therefore, from October to December 2018.
  • 36% of households had various types of difficulties in accessing food in the 12 months prior to the survey date; a) 15% of households had moderate to poor food intake, that is, in the last 7 days prior to the survey, they consumed between two to four food groups; b) 58% of households consume water from unsafe sources; c) 71% of households have latrines and of those, only 46% have improved latrines.

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