Guatemala: Acute Food Insecurity Situation November 2018 - February 2019 and Projection for March - June 2019
Attached documents in Spanish
01.11.2018 > 30.06.2019


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During the current period – November 2018 to February 2019 – households with acute food insecurity in Guatemala were classified in the following way: around 2.1 million inhabitants (13%) are in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and 485,000 inhabitants (3%) in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency). 4.7 million people (28%) were also classified in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed). 

A good part of the communities classified in IPC Phase 3 or worse include communities with a large population of day labourers and small farmers, which have limitations in terms of access to water suitable for human consumption and basic sanitation, and have a high prevalence of acute diarrheal diseases. 

These households of day labourers and small producers are using strategies to cope with crises and emergencies in the deterioration of their livelihoods to solve the gaps in food consumption. More than half of the households spend more than 50% on food, the latter particularly for Alta Verapaz, Chiquimula, Jalapa and Petén. This situation directly affects the coverage of the basic food needs of these households, in which corn and beans are an essential part of the daily diet.

For the projected period – March to June 2019 – around 2.5 million inhabitants (15%) are expected to be classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and 568,000 inhabitants (3%) in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency). Some 4.8 million people (29%) are also expected to be classified in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed). This indicates that, given the situation that is expected, some 443,000 people could be in a worse phase.

For the areas classified in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency): 6% of the population would have significant gaps in food consumption, with inadequate energy intake and diversity between one and three food groups. Livelihood indicators show that between 20 to 35% of households would use emergency coping strategies such as: selling assets (land or house), selling female breeding animals or permanent migration in search of income.

For the areas classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis): food consumption and livelihood indicators show a very precarious situation in at least 15% of the population that will experience this phase. Households in these conditions typically could experience a moderate food deficit with a diet that is not very diverse in terms of quality. In terms of changing livelihoods (assets and strategies), households would be selling their productive assets and reducing their non-food expenditures, for example, health expenditures.

For the areas classified in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed): the food security results show a tense situation for the projected period, with 29% of the population with a minimally adequate energy intake and a high use of coping strategies to access food. Generally, households will be consuming 5 to 6 food groups. In terms of changes in livelihoods, most households will use stress coping strategies, such as borrowing money, spending savings, selling lesser assets (tables, chairs, radios, etc.) and selling more livestock than usually needed for access to basic foods. This continues to be a highly vulnerable population, since access to food is maintained through the high use of coping strategies which will continue to deteriorate their livelihoods.

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