Pakistan: Acute Food Insecurity in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa January to May 2020 and Projection for June to August 2020
Newly merged areas, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
01.01.2020 > 31.08.2020


& next steps


How Severe, How Many and When: Around 1.18 million people (23% of the population) in 13 newly merged areas (districts/tribal sub-divisions) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan are currently estimated to be in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and Phase 4 (Emergency). These are namely: Bajaur, Khyber, Kurram, Mohmand, North Waziristan, Orakzai and South Waziristan districts (formerly known as Federally Administered Tribal Agencies, (FATA)) and tribal subdivisions (formerly known as Frontier Regions of Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan, Kohat, Lakki Marwat, Peshawar and Tank). More than 371,000 people (7% of the population) are estimated to be in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) across the 13 newly merged areas and urgent action is required to save their lives and livelihoods. More than 800,000 people (16% of the population) are in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and also require urgent action to protect their livelihoods and reduce food consumption gaps. For the overall current phase classification, 12 newly merged areas (districts/tribal sub-divisions) are in Phase 3 (Crisis), while one tribal subdistrict is in Phase 2 (Stress). The analysis of the projection period (June to August 2020) indicates that the number of people in Crisis and Emergency is expected to increase slightly to 1.24 million (25% of the population). However, overall, it’s expected the situation in the current period is likely to remain the same during the projection period (i.e. 12 newly merged areas (districts/tribal sub-divisions) in Phase 3 (Crisis) and 1 tribal sub-district in Phase 2 (Stress).

Where: Of the 13 newly merged areas analysed during the current period, 12 have been classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis): the districts of Bajaur, Khyber, Kurram, Mohmand, North Waziristan, Orakzai and South Waziristan, and the tribal sub-divisions of Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan, Lakki Marwat, Peshawar and Tank, whereas one tribal subdivision, Kohat, is classified in IPC Phase 2 (Stress).

Why: The populations in most of the newly merged areas have been experiencing conflict and terrorism for nearly a decade, which has affected their food and livestock production, food consumption, damaged infrastructure and markets, and further exacerbated the already fragile food security and livelihood situation for households. Recently, security in the area has improved. However, the affected population has not been able to fully restore their livelihoods and their overall food security conditions are still poor.


This IPC analysis does not factor in the direct and indirect impact of coronavirus (COVID-19) on the food insecurity of Pakistan. The analysis was conducted before the declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020, and before any restrictive measures on travels and movements that may be applied. Whereas we know that COVID-19 is already affecting almost every aspect of life, in general, the pandemic is believed to reduce food availability and curtail economic access to food for all populations, raising concerns in particular over the areas with highest levels of food insecurity.

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