Swaziland: Acute Food Insecurity Situation from July to October 2017 and Projection for February 2018
01.07.2017 > 28.02.2018


& next steps


During the period under review, the Swazi VAC continued to use the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) to classify the nature and severity of food insecurity in Swaziland. The Acute Food Insecurity areas were classified into five Phases: Phase 1 (Minimal), Phase 2 (Stressed), Phase 3 (Crisis), Phase 4 (Emergency) and Phase 5 (Famine). Each of these Phases had different implications for response objectives. Two-time periods were taken into consideration including the current situation and future projected time period which provided an early warning statement for proactive decision-making. Through the use of the IPC protocols, comparability was enabled in the analysis by making the classification with direct reference to actual or inferred outcomes, including primary outcomes (food consumption score and livelihood change) and secondary outcomes (nutritional status and mortality rates).

The current projection indicates that 16% of the population was classified as IPC phase 3 or worse. This implies that over 137,380 rural population required urgent assistance between July and October 2017 with Lubombo recording the highest accounting for 49,250 people in phase 3 or worse, followed by Shiselweni accounting for 44,000 people while Manzini and Hhohho registered the least accounting for 31,680 and 12, 450 respectively.

In the projected period, food insecurity situation is expected to worsen until February 2018, increasing up to over 19% (177,000) of rural households in need of urgent humanitarian support to protect and save their livelihoods depicting that they are classified as IPC phase 3 or worse. The Lubombo and Shiselweni regions continued to record the highest numbers of vulnerable population as affected by the effects of the prolong dry spells.

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