Central African Republic: Acute Food Insecurity Situation May - August 2019 and Projection for September - October 2019
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.05.2019 > 31.10.2019
MAY - AUGUST 2019 
SEPTEMBER - OCTOBER 2019 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


Over 1.8 million people in Central African Republic are in severe acute food insecurity (IPC Phases 3+), including more than 465,000 in emergency conditions during the lean season, latest data shows. Between May and August 2019, 5 areas with a high concentration of displaced persons (Bria, Kaga-Bandoro, Obo, Rafai and Zémio) and the prefectures of Mbomou, Haute Kotto and Haut Mbomou are experiencing emergency conditions of food insecurity (IPC Phase 4), and 13 prefectures and three areas with a high concentration of displaced persons (Alindao, Bambari and Batangafo) are experiencing crisis conditions of food insecurity (IPC Phase 3).

Nearly 1.35 million people (almost 30% of the population analysed), will be in severe acute food insecurity including nearly 274,000 people in emergency during the harvest period between September and October 2019. It is estimated that three areas with a high concentration of displaced persons (Kaga-Bandoro, Obo and Zémio) and three prefectures (Mbomou, Haute Kotto and Haut Mbomou) will remain in emergency while eight prefectures and five areas with a high concentration of displaced persons will be in crisis. In total, there over 620,000 displaced in these areas.

Despite the signing of the Khartoum peace agreement, the security situation remains precarious throughout the country, mainly in the Haut-Kotto, Haut Mbomou and Basse-Kotto prefectures where non-signatory armed groups continue their incursions on major supply routes and around major cities. In areas with a high concentration of displaced persons in Alindao, Bria, Obo, Kaga-Bandoro and Zémio in particular, out-of-town movements are prohibited and access to fields is limited or impossible. This prevents households from accessing their crops, hunting and gathering, and continuing the preparatory activities of the agricultural season, thus limiting the income of daily workers (in the current period) and jeopardizing the harvests (in the projection period). The security situation along the trade routes is also precarious, which limits the supply of markets, resulting in the shortage of certain foods and rising prices.

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