Central African Republic (CAR): Acute Food Insecurity Situation November - December 2013
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.11.2013 > 31.12.2013
 
 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


178th country by GDP in 2010, the Central African Republic (CAR) continues to face the deterioration of the humanitarian situation as a result of recurrent armed conflicts, with dramatic effects on the vulnerability of rural communities (very poor health infrastructures, armed gangs Terror, and a nutritional state alarment).

The deep security crisis underway, started in December 2012 by the Séléka coalition and which led to the reversal of power in March 2013, had considerable consequences for the entire Central African territory. The conflict has caused a great deal of loss of life and looting of public and private property, kidnappings and violations of human rights, internally displaced persons and refugees in neighboring countries. The consequences are

Mass displacements of the affected populations, about 2,000,000 people including 60,821 refugees in neighboring countries according to the latest OCHA estimates.

The most recent episode of renewed insecurity in early December 2013 deeply affected the capital Bangui, but also more subdued the prefectures of Lobaye, Ouham-Pendé, Ouham and Ombella-Mpoko.

The temporary improvement of food security in rural areas is due to the harvests of the 2012/2013 season that have taken place since August 2013, although very reduced by the war. In addition, the November analysis were overwhelmed by the resurgence of insecurity in December. A food deterioration was anticipated in February 2014 before these new events related to insecuirty, the situation may further worsen. In addition, while the analysis was concentrated on rural populations, it is necessary that even the capital be the subject of the next analysis, as well as other cities which were deeply affected by the attacks of December 2013. In-depth investigations into the food security are recommended for these analyses, which can better guide consensus decision-making on emergency, medium and long-term rehabilitation of food security.

The main driving factors for food insecurity in the Central African Republic are prolonged conflict, mass internal displacements and insecurity which threaten livelihoods, disrupting market cycles and subtracting the only income sources.


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