Central African Republic: Acute Food Insecurity Situation December 2015 - June 2016
11th Cycle of Analysis
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.12.2015 > 30.06.2016
DECEMBER 2015 - JUNE 2016 
 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


Relative to the November 2014 and April 2015 analyses, the stable security situation in some prefectures allowed a relative return of families to their livelihood. However, despite humanitarian assistance throughout the country, the overall food security situation has deteriorated. There has been an increase from 24% of households with poor consumption in 2014 to 44.2% in 2015. The analysis of household price collection shows a large variation in prices from one prefecture to another. This can be explained by a particularly weak market integration. Corn, groundnut and beans are the most traded commodities. Their price trends are on the rise according to their seasonal cycle: prices are high in August, typically during the lean season, and remain volatile. The nutritional situation is difficult to assess due to the lack of up-to-date information.

The situation in the western, northern, central and south-eastern areas remains a cause for concern, due to the deterioration of the security level in these prefectures. The prefectures of Ouaka, Ouham, Haut-Mbomou and Nana-Gribizi have received the largest number of displaced people living on sites. In the prefecture of Nana-Mambéré, about 19.5% of households live in foster families. The prefectures of Sangha-Mbaéré, Nana-Gribizi and Kémo have the largest proportions (between 42% and 46.5%) of households that have returned. This insecurity has made it difficult to access livelihoods, thus aggravating food insecurity in the sub-prefectures of Kabo in Ouham, Mbrès in Nana-Gribizi and Bambari in Ouaka, all classified in phase emergency.

In the far east, the situation remains unchanged. The deterioration of security, which prevents access to livelihoods, is mainly due to incursions by LRA elements (Mbomou, Haut-Mbomou and part of Haute-Kotto). It is worth noting the massive arrival of South Sudanese refugees in Bambouti since November 2015. They are beginning to put pressure on the natural resources of the Haut Mbomou prefecture.

A total of 1,787,560 people are in the humanitarian phase (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Compared with the situation in November 2014, the number of people in the humanitarian phase has increased from 32% to 40% in rural areas. On the other hand, there is a decrease in Bangui from 25% to 15%. 

A significant number of internally displaced persons are registered in the commune of Bimbo and in the 2nd arrondissement of Bangui, coming from the districts affected by the last crisis of September 2015. An immediate response is necessary to consolidate the gains and to ensure the resumption of activities Agriculture through food assistance, livelihood recovery and sustained support for resilience.


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