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IPC Technical Manual 3.1 bolsters Famine protocols and evidence analysis

Oct 2021

French and Spanish versions now available

Rome, Italy, 1 October 2021 – The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) has updated its Technical Manual (published in 2019) to improve the understanding of the 'Famine' and 'Famine Likely' classifications as well as strengthen the methods used to guide convergence of evidence by using international standards and cut-offs for Famine classifications.

The IPC Manual is a set of internationally accepted guidelines for the analysis of food insecurity and malnutrition, developed thorough consultations with food security and nutrition experts from 15 organisations.
The IPC Technical Manual Version 3.1 is an update of Version 3.0. Key changes include improvements to Famine protocols and the addition of the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES, 30-day recall period) in the IPC Acute Food Insecurity Reference Table.

The updated manual clarifies protocols, evidence requirements, description and distinction between Famine and Famine Likely. Famine Likely is an IPC classification which applies in locations where there is insufficient evidence for Famine classification due to circumstances on the ground, with available information nevertheless indicating that Famine is likely occurring or will likely occur.

IPC Technical Manual 3.1 also includes, in the Acute Food Insecurity Reference Table, the FIES, a statistical scale designed by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) that features eight questions that refer to the experiences of the individual respondent or of the respondent’s household covering a range of severity of food insecurity over a 30-day recall period. The addition of FIES to the IPC Reference Table, with specific cut-offs for acute food insecurity, both widens the tools available to IPC analysts assessing food insecurity and enriches analysis outcomes.

Other additions include better guidance for assessing the provision of humanitarian food assistance in the projection period to better inform early warning and early action, and co-chairing options for IPC Technical Working Groups.

The updated Technical Manual released today has also been translated into French and Spanish, enabling more regions and countries to have access to the tools they need to assess food insecurity and malnutrition situations and improve decision-making.

Visit IPC Technical Manual page

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