Timor Leste: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation 2018-2023
IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analyses results are valid up to 5 years, in absence of unusual shocks.
30.04.2018 > 30.04.2023


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The analysis conducted in April 2018 shows that approximately 430 000 people of the population analysed (36 percent) are chronically food insecure across 12 municipalities and the special Administrative Region of Oecussi and Ambeno (SAROA); out of them, 176 000 people (15 percent) are experiencing severe chronic food insecurity (IPC level 4), and 254 000 people (21 percent) are moderately chronically food insecure (IPC level 3). Additionally, 461 000 people (39 percent) are mildly food insecure (IPC level 2). Only 25 percent of the population analysed is considered food secure (IPC level 1). 

Of major concern are the municipalities of Ermera, Manufahi and the Special Administrative Region of Oé-Cusse Ambeno (SAROA), which fall under severe chronic food insecurity (IPC level 4). Other municipalities with higher proportion of chronically food insecure population are Ainaro, Covalima, Manatuto, and Lautem.

The major factors contributing to the severe and moderate chronic food insecurity conditions in Timor-Leste are: low agricultural productivity, poor quality and quantity of food consumption, low value livelihood strategies combined with high dependency on single livelihood strategy that has resulted in high poverty (42 percent) and chronic under nutrition. Poor basic infrastructure facilities for sanitation, clean water, roads, irrigation, schools and health compounded the situation. Other factors that contributed to severe chronic food insecurity include inadequate financial and human capitals, and the negative impact of climate hazards and risks.

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