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Central African Republic: 2.2. million people experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity linked to conflict and high food prices


About 2.2 million people in the Central African Republic (CAR) are projected to experience high levels of acute food insecurity classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse between April and August 2022 due to conflict, population displacement and high food prices. The projection corresponds to the lean period in most agro-climatic zones of the country. During this lean period, in the absence of food assistance, it is estimated that 13% of the population is likely to be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). In the capital, Bangui, more than 153,000 people are in high acute food insecurity (Phase 3 and 4 of the IPC). These figures remain among the highest in the CAR, confirming the persistence of a high prevalence of acute food insecurity in the central African nation.
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Dans la période d’avril à août 2022, correspondant à la période de soudure dans la plupart des zones agro-climatiques du pays, il est estimé qu’au total 2,2 millions (45% de la population totale analysée font face à une insécurité alimentaire (IA) aiguë élevée. Ces chiffres restent parmi les plus élevés que la RCA ait connus confirmant ainsi la persistance d’une forte prévalence de l’insécurité alimentaire aiguë. Pendant cette période de soudure, en l’absence d’assistance alimentaire, il est estimé que 13% de la population sont en situation d’urgence (Phase 4 de l’IPC) et 32% sont en situation de situation de crise (Phase 3 de l’IPC), soit respectivement environ 640,000 personnes en urgence et environ 1,6 millions de personnes en situation de crise. Dans la ville de Bangui, plus de 153,000 personnes sont en situation d’insécurité alimentaire aiguë élevée (Phase 3 et 4 de l’IPC).
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Actions Needed

  • Provide humanitarian assistance and protection programmes
    Provide immediate food assistance in the quantity and quality necessary to support populations in Crisis or Emergency (IPC Phase 3 or 4), especially during the lean season. These populations include displaced persons, returnees and host families, as well as people with specific needs (poor and very poor households, seniors citizens, those with chronic illness, HIV, etc.).
  • Provide livelihood support
    Implement urgent actions targeted by sub-prefecture to facilitate access to food and protect or strengthen household livelihoods through the distribution of agricultural and livestock inputs and the creation of community assets. Protect and maintain livelihoods through better synergy and coordination between different Ministries.
  • Increase access to safe water and adequate sanitation
    Improve food utilisation and its impact on nutrition by facilitating people’s access to safe water sources through the rehabilitation and development of boreholes in areas where access to safe water remains low, while intensifying hygiene and sanitation awareness and services among households in hard-to-reach areas.
  • Improve acute malnutrition services
    Strengthen the coverage and quality of management of acute malnutrition and revitalise the health and nutrition system to improve the quality and coverage of primary care services (input management, adaptation of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) protocols, and strengthening of routine system, human resources and surveillance and management of diarrhoea, fever, malaria and acute respiratory infections (ARIs).

IPC Classification Maps

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