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Haiti: 4.5 million Haitians experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity

Snapshot

A projection update analysis was conducted in Haiti in February 2022 to update the IPC Acute Food Insecurity projection originally released in September 2021, on the basis that new data was available, as well as the need to follow up on the acute food insecurity situation in areas affected by the August 2021 earthquake. According to this update, for the period from March to June 2022, 1.32 million people (13% of the population analysed) are classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and 3.18 million people (32%) in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), or 4.5 million people (45%) in need of urgent assistance in total.

With the exception of the South-HT08 zone, whose classification has been updated from IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) to IPC Phase 4 (Emergency), the update confirms a slight improvement or stable situation in all other areas affected by the last major earthquake in August 2021 and/or flooding caused by Hurricane Grace. Humanitarian assistance is a key component that has prevented any deterioration in the food security situation. However, South-HT08 zone has received very little assistance (16%), compared to other areas, which is why the situation has worsened there.


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Report

Selon les résultats de la mise à jour de la situation projetée de l’analyse IPC de septembre 2021, pour la période de mars à juin 2022, 1,32 million de personnes (13 % de la population analysée) sont classées en situation d’Urgence (Phase 4 de l’IPC) et 3,18 millions de personnes (32 %) en situation de Crise (Phase 3 de l’IPC), soit 4,5 million de personnes (45 %) ayant besoin d’une aide urgente.

Par ailleurs, quatre zones se trouvent classifiées en Urgence (Phase 4 de l’IPC), notamment la partie côtière du département du sud (Sud HT08), le bas Nord-Ouest (Nord-Ouest HT01) et le haut plateau (Centre HT03) ainsi que les quartiers pauvres et très pauvres de Cité-Soleil. Le reste du pays continue de présenter une situation globale d’insécurité alimentaire de Crise (Phase 3 de l’IPC).
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IPC Classification Maps

Actions Needed

  • Humanitarian Assistance Given the severity of food insecurity in areas classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and Phase 4 (Emergency), urgent action is required for the poorest and most affected households to enable them to better meet their immediate food needs and to prevent the development of additional harmful strategies.
  • Livelihood Support As vulnerable households have been affected by recurrent shocks in recent years (droughts, cyclones, etc.), there has been an erosion of the livelihoods of populations who need support to rebuild their livelihoods and assets. This assistance should include support for the implementation of the 2022 agricultural season.
  • Strategic Response Given that structural factors (agricultural development, access to basic services, governance, etc.) have a strong influence on household food insecurity, it is important to better articulate emergency and development interventions and to rethink intervention strategies in order to have more sustainable and structural impacts.

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