Philippines: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation 2015-2020
IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analyses results are valid up to 5 years, in absence of unusual shocks.
01.01.2015 > 31.01.2020


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Around 64% of the population nationwide which accounts for 54.9 million Filipinos are chronically food insecure (IPC-Chronic level 2 and above). Specifically, this represents 39% mild, 17% moderate and 8% severe chronic food insecure population. Population of moderately and severely food insecure account for nearly 22 million people. Of the 71 provinces analyzed:

  • Four provinces namely Lanao del Sur, Northern Samar, Occidental Mindoro and Sulu have been classified in IPC-Chronic Level 4 (Severe Chronic Food Insecurity), accounting for 658,000 people.
  • Forty-eight provinces have been classified in IPC-Chronic Level 3 (Moderate Chronic Food Insecurity) while the remaining nineteen provinces have been classified in IPC-Chronic Level 2 (Mild Chronic Food Insecurity). Approximately 21.6 million Filipinos are facing higher level chronic food insecurity (IPC-Chronic level 3 and 4). The population classified in IPC-Chronic Level 3 and 4 are of major concern which is highest in Lanao del Sur, Occidental Mindoro, and Northern Samar (50% to 52%) followed by Sulu, Masbate, Samar, Zamboanga del Norte, Maguindanao, Sultan Kudarat, Southern Leyte, Zamboanga Sibugay, Bukidnon, and Saranggani (40 to 49%). The population estimates providing a summary of the number and percentage of food insecure population is presented in Annex B. 

Summary of Classification Conclusions

  • Severe chronic food insecurity (IPC level 4) is driven by poor food consumption quality, quantity and high level of chronic undernutrition. 
  • In provinces at IPC level 3, quality of food consumption is worse than quantity; and chronic undernutrition is also a major problem. 
  • The most chronic food insecure people tend to be the landless poor households, indigenous people, population engaged in unsustainable livelihood strategies such as farmers, unskilled laborers, forestry workers, fishermen etc. that provide inadequate and often unpredictable income. Thus, it is likely that these people are not able to satisfy their food and non-food needs in a sustainable manner. 
  • Provinces highly susceptible to flooding, landslides and drought are prone to experience excessive stresses on their coping mechanisms.

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