Philippines: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation, January 2015-18/20
IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analyses results are valid up to 5 years, in absence of unusual shocks.
01.01.2015 > 31.01.2020


& next steps


According to the IPC chronic food insecurity analysis conducted for 18 provinces of Mindanao in January 2015*, almost all of the areas were found to be severe or moderate chronic food insecure and are classified in level 3 and 4 of IPC chronic food insecurity scale. Among those:

  • Two provinces (Lanao del Sur and Sulu in ARMM) and 15-30% of households within them are classified are severely chronically food insecure (IPC Level 4). 
  • 15 provinces and 25 and 50% of households within them are moderately or severely chronically food insecure (IPC Level 3). 
  • Only one province (Zamboanga del Sur) is classified as Mild CFI IPC Level 2 where about 15% of households have moderate or severe levels of chronic food insecurity.

As a result, the provinces of Lanao Del Sur and Sulu account for the highest percentage of population that are chronically food insecure, with less than 15% of households classified as food secure and around one in two households moderately or severely food insecure. These households tend to have poor food consumption, both in terms of quantity and quality, throughout the year and very high levels of stunting.

While lack of adequate energy consumption is a major issue only for those populations that are classified in Level 3 and 4 of chronic food insecurity (about 30% of households), the quality of food consumption and diversification of food are generally poor and a major problem throughout the provinces, affecting around 75% of the households.

The main reason for the better condition of Zamboanga del Sur is high family income and better employment opportunities which can be attributed to low unemployment and underemployment rate in the province. The most chronically food insecure tend to be the illiterate, landless poor households and ethnic minorities.  

Consistently, almost all of the provinces of Mindanao, except for Davao Oriental, have high to very high prevalence of stunting with prevalence ranging from 31- 49% of children under 5 years being stunted.

*The IPC results on the persistent food insecurity situation in Haiti remains valid for next 3 to 5 years, in the absence of any major structural changes.

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