Central African Republic: Acute Food Insecurity and Malnutrition Situation September 2021 - August 2022
Persistent acute food insecurity and malnutrition caused by insecurity
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.09.2021 > 31.08.2022

Key
results


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


Overview of the Acute Food Insecurity situation

During an IPC Acute Food Insecurity (AFI) analysis of Central African Republic conducted in September 2021, 67 of the country’s 71 sub-prefectures were analysed as well as the city of Bangui. For the period of September 2021 to March 2022, nine sub-prefectures were classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and 59 in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Of the 4.9 million people living in the sub-prefectures analysed, 2.1 million (43%) will experience high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase or above) through March 2022, including around 620,000 people in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). 

For the projection period (April to August 2022), 20 sub-prefectures have been classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and 40 in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis). Of the 4.9 million people living in the sub-prefectures analysed, nearly 2.36 million people (48%) will likely experience high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) through August 2022, including around 689,000 people in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). The populations that are facing high levels of acute food insecurity in this period are mainly in the sub-prefectures of Ngaoundaye, Bozoum and Koui (with 75% of the population analysed in these conditions), Bocaranga (70%), Obo (65%), Mala, Ndjoukou and Bakouma (60%), Alindao, Satéma, Zémio, Dekoa, Sibut, Bakala and Ippy (55%), Ndélé, Mingala and Zangba (50%), and Kouango (40%).

Overview of the Acute Malnutrition situation

An IPC Acute Malnutrition (AMN) analysis of 68 sub-prefectures and Bangui, conducted at the same time as the AFI one, revealed that between September 2021 and August 2022, nearly 214,000 children under the age of five and more than 98,000 pregnant or lactating women will likely suffer from acute malnutrition. Among these, nearly 67,000 children are likely severely malnourished and require urgent care. Through February 2022, 31 sub-prefectures and Bangui are classified as being in a Serious nutritional situation (IPC Phase 3), with the remaining sub-prefectures being in an Alert nutritional situation (IPC Phase 2. Between March and August 2022, six sub-prefectures will likely move from being in a Serious to a Critical nutritional situation (IPC Phase 4), while 21 sub-prefectures will likely move from an Alert to a Serious situation. 25 sub-prefectures and Bangui will remain in a Serious situation. 

Important to note is that all the areas classified in Emergency (IPC AFI Phase 4) also have Serious levels of acute malnutrition (IPC AMN Phase 3).


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