Yemen: Acute Food Insecurity Situation February - April 2020 and July - December 2020 (Partial Analysis)
High levels of food insecurity persist, amidst deterioration of the economy, conflict and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic
01.02.2020 > 31.12.2020


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How Severe, How Many and When: Out of the total population of 7.96 million people in the 133 analysed districts, 2 million were estimated to be highly food insecure (IPC Phase 3 and above) in the period from February to April 2020, representing 25% of the population analysed. In the period from July to December 2020, the population facing high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 and above) is estimated to increase to 3.2 million people (40% of the analysed population) if humanitarian food assistance is kept at the current levels.

Where and Who: Food insecurity is high in areas characterised by active fighting, which leads to access restrictions that affect coverage of humanitarian food assistance, access to markets, and constant population displacements. The analysis detects 16 districts to be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), while 103 of the 133 districts are classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). In terms of severity, the 16 worst affected (Phase 4) districts are located in eight governorates: Ad Dhalee (3), Marib (3), Al Bayda (2), Shabwah (2), Abyan (2), Taizz (2), Al Jawf (1) and Hadramout (1). In terms of magnitude, the governorates with the highest numbers of people in Crisis or worse (IPC Phase 3 or above) are Taiz (with 591,000 people in IPC Phase 3 and above), Lahj (489,500) and Hadhramaut (465,000).

Why: The continued conflict, the economic crisis further exacerbated by COVID-19 restriction measures, and natural hazards affecting the already low levels of local production, have significantly eroded the ability of households to cope with new and intensifying shocks. The erosion of households’ purchasing power affects access to food and agricultural inputs, especially with an increased strain on remittances due to COVID-19 restrictions abroad. A high percentage of households are highly reliant on humanitarian food assistance to meet their daily food needs.

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