Yemen: Acute Food Insecurity Situation December 2018 - January 2019
Yemen's Food Insecurity Situation Remains Dire Despite Substantial Humanitarian Assistance
01.12.2018 > 31.01.2019


& next steps


According to the latest IPC analysis, from December 2018 to January 2019, a total of 15.9 million people, i.e. 53% of the population analysed are severely food insecure, despite ongoing humanitarian food assistance (HFA). This includes 17% of the population (about 5 million people) classified in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) and 36% (about 10.8 million people) in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis). Of greatest concern are the additional 63,500 people in IPC Phase 5 (Catastrophe).  Additional analysis conducted by the Yemen IPC Technical Working Group (TWG) to estimate the severity and magnitude of food insecurity excluding the mitigating effects of the HFA delivered, shows that 20.1 million people (67% of the total population) would be in need of urgent action (IPC Phase 3 and above), including 238,000 people in IPC Phase 5 (Catastrophe) had HFA not been delivered.

Food insecurity is more severe in the areas with active fighting, and is particularly affecting Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and host families, marginalized groups, as well as landless wage labourers facing difficulties in accessing basic services and conducting livelihood activities. Overall, there are more than 3 million IDPs in Yemen who face comparatively worse food security outcomes. In terms of severity (areas in IPC Phase 3 and above), the worst affected areas are located in Al Hudaydah, Amran, Hajjah, Taiz and Saada Governorates. In terms of magnitude, each of the governorates of Al Hudaydah, Amanat Al Asimah, Dhamar, Hajjah, Ibb and Taiz have more than one million people in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and above. It is estimated that 13 governorates would have populations experiencing catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5) without the mitigating effects of HFA (Abyan, Aden, Al Bayda, Al Dhaleé, Al Hudaydah, Al Mahwit, Amran, Hadramout, Hajjah, Ibb, Lahj, Saada and Taiz).

Armed conflict remains the main driver of food insecurity in Yemen, curtailing food access for both the displaced and the vulnerable host communities. The food security crisis is further exacerbated by extremely high food prices, the liquidity crisis, disrupted livelihoods, and high levels of unemployment. While HFA is at least partially mitigating large food gaps, current HFA resourcing and conflict-related access constraints limit the extent to which HFA and other resources can adequately reach and serve all populations in need.

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