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IPC Quality Review

The IPC Quality Review is the result of a multi-partner commitment to help countries implementing the IPC Acute and Chronic Food Insecurity Classification enhance and maintain the technical rigour and quality of IPC analysis and process. This is a key priority of the Outcome 3 of the IPC Global Strategic Programme (2014-2018) – Technical Development, Quality and Compliance – which aims at strengthening the relevance and rigor of IPC as its use and application grows throughout the world.

IPC Quality Reviews are conducted using an open, transparent and independent approach to evaluate the technical validity of analyses, review the inclusivity and transparency of IPC processes, and determine the sustainability of country-level IPC governance structures.

The overall IPC Quality Review process provides a unique learning opportunity for producing products which are in line with the IPC global standards and practices and, ultimately, promotes greater confidence among decision-makers and in informing programmes and policies.

Types - "Real-Time" & "Retroactive" IPC Quality Reviews

The IPC Quality Reviews are organized upon country request and are implemented during or after the completion and validation of the IPC acute and chronic food insecurity analysis. The timing of the review delineates the two types of IPC Quality Reviews: 

Real-Time IPC Quality Review

Real-Time IPC Quality Review

Real-Time IPC Quality Reviews are designed to support "real-time" IPC acute and chronic food insecurity analyses and aims at strengthening the quality and confidence level of the results prior to the validation and release of IPC final products.

The real-time quality reviews are conducted immediately following the finalization of the IPC Analysis with the purpose to:

  • Provide independent and neutral expert technical inputs to the National IPC TWGs on their IPC analysis results;
  • Serve as an additional and optional quality assurance step to help ensure technical rigour and neutrality of the analysis;
  • Support technical consensus building process on the IPC analysis results; and
  • Enhance the credibility of the IPC Country process and outcomes.

Real-time IPC Quality Reviews can be also requested and conducted on special circumstances such as in response to contentious results which may especially occur in situations of extreme acute food insecurity, where there is the potential outcome of an IPC declaration of Famine (Phase 5); but can also be a useful mechanism in severe emergency situations where there is a break-down in the technical consensus process that is negatively impacting on the ability of decision makers to respond to a crisis. In these particular cases and upon demand, the IPC GSU may activate an IPC Global Emergency Review Committee (ERC) with the task of promptly reviewing and debating the IPC evidence and results and then providing guidance and recommendations to the IPC National TWG on this review. 

Process and Tools

The Real-time IPC Quality Reviews are carried out by IPC Quality Review Teams created ad-hoc and led by the IPC GSU. The IPC Quality Review Team composition includes food security officers who are not directly involved in the analysis, thereby guaranteeing unbiased reviews.

A typical real-time quality review consists of the following steps to be completed within a very short timeframe (3 to 5 working days):

  • Step 1 - IPC Quality Review Team to conduct the technical and independent desk review of the acute or chronic food insecurity analysis results applying and adhering to tools and procedures for IPC Acute and Chronic Quality Review . The purpose is to corroborate the country results against the IPC tools, protocols and guidance for acute and chronic food insecurity classification. IPC Quality Review Team may need to also organize additional consultations with resource people to collect further technical details and background context.
  • Step 2 - IPC Quality Review Team technically and independently documents the review and submits a report with findings and recommendation to the National IPC TWG.
  • Step 3 - IPC National TWG goes through the Quality Review findings and recommendations. In case of disagreement, IPC National TWG provides its feedback to the IPC GSU for reconsideration. At this point, discussions between IPC GSU and IPC TWG may be required, including further evidence supplied to IPC GSU for consideration to allow the revision of the IPC Quality Review findings and recommendations as needed.
  • Step 4 - IPC TWG undertakes revisions of the analysis, if needed and warranted, addressing the Real-time IPC Quality Review findings and recommendations.

The role of finalizing the analysis and fostering technical consensus remains the responsibility of the National IPC TWG that also detains the final decision and the public release of the IPC Analysis results. 

> Real-Time IPC Quality Review - Terms of Reference (forthcoming)
> IPC Global Emergency Review Committee - Terms of Reference

Retroactive IPC Quality Review

Retroactive IPC Quality Review

Retroactive IPC Quality Reviews are conducted to evaluate the overall quality of IPC analyses  that have been already released with the purpose of identifying potential areas for improvement and suggest actions for future acute analysis exercises.

The Retroactive IPC Quality Review does not engage in a “re-analysis” of previous IPC classifications. It focuses on a thorough in-depth technical review of consistency and appropriateness of data used for analysis for selected areas, providing an important learning exercise for the IPC National TWG and partners. This will help to identify technical areas to strengthen for improved quality assurance, which is critical to inform decision making.

Depending on the specific country context and the stage of IPC consolidation, two levels of Retroactive IPC Quality Review may be required:

  • A "light" Retroactive IPC Quality Review focuses solely on the technical quality of IPC Products including the Technical Working Group Matrix, Food Insecurity Analysis Worksheets, the Data Repository, IPC Communication Briefs.
  • A "full"Retroactive IPC Quality Review involves a more in-depth review process, assessing the quality of the IPC analysis as well as the quality of the technical processes and the effectiveness of supporting governance structures - against IPC global standards and best practices.

Both the light and full options include a component of follow-up capacity building support, if needed and requested by the country. In the case of the light option this could consist of tailored trainings on the technical issues identified in the review, while in the case of the full option the capacity building support envisages a more comprehensive strategic plan for consolidating and strengthening IPC technical knowledge and institutionalization.


> Retroactive IPC Quality Reviews – Terms of Reference

 

 

 

Resources

IPC Quality reviews completed 2014-early 2016

2016 Retroactive Quality Reviews

IPC Acute Analysis: 

  • Burundi 
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Haiti
  • Pakistan
  • South Sudan 
  • Swaziland 

2016 Real-Time Quality Reviews

IPC Acute Analysis:  

  • Republic of South Sudan 

 IPC Chronic Analysis:

  • Bangladesh 
  • Democratic Republic of Congo (April 2016)
  • Honduras 
  • Kenya (May 2016)
  • Pakistan (June 2016)
  • Philippines (Tbc) 
Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD