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IPC in Central African Republic

The IPC Acute Food Insecurity scale was introduced in the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2008. Since then, the implementation of IPC analyses in the country has been irregular due to the lack of financial support. In March 2018, an exercise was conducted with regards to acute food insecurity with additional focus being given to hotspots of high population concentrations, which include a high number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). The result of this analysis is expected to provide an additional level of information on the geographical localization of the crisis and highlight the needs of both host and displaced populations in the country.

The IPC is hosted within the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development with technical and Secretariat support from FAO. The national Technical Working Group (TWG) counts around 30 members from Government departments (Statistics Institute/ICASEES, Agriculture and Rural Development, Social Affairs, Environment, Plan and International Cooperation, Public Buildings and Urban, Mines-Energy and Hydraulics, Water-Forests-Hunting and Fishing), UN agencies (FAO, WFP, UNSIDA, OCHA, HCR), NGOs (ACF, TRIANGLE, G-H, DRC, CRS, CHOEB) and Academics (University of Bangui). 

IPC analyses have allowed identifying gaps in the reliability of data and information, and have been used to inform the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) writing process. In particular, the IPC classification is used in emergency responses to prioritize and focus on the regions classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3). 

IPC products are now on the tables of strategic decisions. For example, they have oriented the Accelerated Framework of Millennium Goals, the National Program for Agricultural Investment and Food Security Country Program and the Common Appeal Program (CAP) developed in 2012.  Looking ahead, the national TWG continues working towards: improving the ownership by the Government and other national decision makers through more awareness; strengthening the IPC Acute Food Insecurity analysis by building capacity and advocating to increase the reliability of the data; and introducing the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity scale in the country.

Country contacts

Kamau Wanjohi
IPC Regional Coordinator for East and Central Africa (ECA)
IPC Global Support Unit (IPC GSU) - Regional Coordination Team
Hosted at IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC)
Ngong Rd. Dagoretti Corner, Nairobi, Kenya
Kamau.Wanjohi@fao.org

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