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IPC & Cadre Harmonisé in West Africa and the Sahel

Since 1999, the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel, CILSS) has been engaged in the development and testing of the Harmonized Framework for the analysis and identification of areas at risk and vulnerable groups in the Sahel (Cadre Harmonisé).

To national and regional food crisis prevention and management systems, the Cadre Harmonisé (CH) is a comprehensive analytical framework that takes into account various indicators of food and nutrition security outcomes and the inference of contributing factors. In addition, the CH improves the understanding of concepts, enhances the process for estimating vulnerable populations, and strengthens the framework for synergy among local agents in different countries and at regional level for more effective food crisis management. Using the CH helps strengthen the technical skills of national officials and other actors in multidimensional analyses of food and nutrition security. Similarly to the IPC, the strength of the CH is to rely on the existing food security and nutrition information systems already in place in most Sahel countries since 1985, and most recently in other coastal countries of West Africa. Technical developments of the CH tools and processes have led to increased similarities and convergence between the IPC and the CH. The IPC Global Support Unit (GSU) and other IPC Global Partners are working closely with the CILSS Technical Committee of the Harmonized Framework, which is leading to cross-regional lesson learning and the harmonization of the CH and the IPC.

As a result of the harmonization efforts carried out over the past ten years, the IPC and the CH Acute Food Insecurity approaches are very close to each other, with only some differences pertaining to e.g. the use of certain indicators, classifying famine and estimation of humanitarian assistance. Based on a joint IPC-CH roadmap developed in 2017, the IPC GSU is supporting the CH mainly through country analyses, regional consolidation and quality control. Moreover, the IPC GSU is piloting the IPC Acute Malnutrition and Chronic Food Insecurity classifications across West Africa and the Sahel to strengthen CH development and implementation, and improve the quality of analyses.

There are 17 countries currently implementing the CH:  Burkina Faso, Benin, Cape Verde, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.


For more information about IPC support to Cadre Harmonisé in the Sahel and West Africa, please contact:

Mr. Amadou Diop
IPC-CH Regional Advisor for the Sahel and West Africa, 
IPC Global Support Unit (IPC GSU)
Hosted at FAO Sub-Regional Resilience Team
West Africa/Sahel Office (REOWA), Dakar (Senegal)
BP 3300, 15 Rue Calmette X, E.A. Assane Ndoye
[email protected]   



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