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IPC ALERT - SOUTH SUDAN: FOOD INSECURITY AND MALNUTRITION SITUATION REMAINS AT DIRE LEVELS ACROSS SOUTH SUDAN

In September 2018, 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).

RESOURCE TYPE
Newsletters
DATE
Sep 2018
LOCATION
East and Central Africa South Sudan

In September 2018, 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).

During the post –harvest period October-December 2018, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC Phase 3 and above) are expected to reduce to 4.4 million (43% of the total population), out of which 26,000 will be experiencing catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5) and extreme food gaps. By January-March 2018, 5.2 million people (49% of the total population) are estimated to continue to face acute food insecurity, with 36,000 people in catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5). 

Persistent insecurity and armed conflict have disrupted livelihood activities, affected market functionality and limited physical access to markets. In addition, an anticipated earlier-than-normal start of the lean season in many areas will further hamper people’s food security, impairing the very survival of the most vulnerable.

Acute malnutrition has slightly improved compared to the same period in 2017. Acute malnutrition is still at Critical levels in 31 counties in the former states of Warrap, Unity, Upper Nile, and Jonglei, while 20 counties in Lakes, Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile reported ‘Serious’ (GAM (WHZ) 10.0-14.9%) levels of acute malnutrition. The main contributing factors are poor access to health and nutrition services, high morbidity, extremely poor diets and poor sanitation and hygiene. Levels of acute malnutrition are expected to improve marginally by December 2018 due to seasonal availability of local production, increased availability of fish and milk at the household level, and improved access to markets and service.

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