IPC Chronic Scale
The IPC Prototype for Analyzing Chronic Food Insecurity
While the IPC was originally developed in a complex emergency context, its expanded usage is often in non-crisis and developmental contexts. This has provoked a demand for clearer explanation of how it is relevant in these contexts.
In fact the intent of the IPC since its inception (version 1 and 1.1) is to draw attention to the priority crisis areas, but also to highlight situations of chronic food insecurity together with underlying and structural causes of food insecurity. This intent is often lost, however, in the rush for emergency response. Nevertheless the objective is built into the IPC as per its new Version 2.0.
The IPC Manual Version 2.0 separates classification scales for chronic and acute/transitory food insecurity. New reference table and procedures are introduced to analyze Chronic Food Insecurity and complement analysis of Acute Food Insecurity. In this way, situations not in crisis could still be classified according to their levels of chronic food insecurity (as determined by stunting rates, micronutrient deficiencies, recurrence of crisis, and vulnerability indicators such as poverty and others). This will help to inform intervention design with medium and longer term strategic objectives that address underlying and structural causes of food insecurity.
The IPC chronic food insecurity analysis would likely be updated only once every few years, and would inform more developmentally oriented food security interventions such as Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), micro-nutrient support, livelihood diversification, etc. Indeed, at times of acute crisis, the IPC chronic food insecurity map could be overlaid on the IPC acute food insecurity map to show the differences between areas that are acute but not chronic, and acute but also chronic. The two are not mutually exclusive and understanding of both is important for comprehensive responses to end food insecurity.
The IPC Global Chronic Working Group
On October 2012, the IPC Global Support Unit constituted the IPC Global “Working Group on Classifying Chronic Food Insecurity” which brings together the most relevant organizations and institutions acting in both emergency and development contexts.
The members of the IPC Chronic Working Group have agreed to engage in piloting of the IPC tools for classifying chronic food insecurity and reviewing of the results while also considering new and innovative approaches. The ultimate objective of the IPC Chronic Working Group is to develop the final tools for classifying chronic food insecurity using the basic characteristics of the IPC approach.
As of today the membership of the IPC Global Chronic Working Group is composed of the IPC Global Partners and agencies as FANTA, ICF International, IFPRI, WB and Regional organizations, as well as donor institutions are also involved.