After many years of use of the IPC approach to inform the need of interventions with short-term objectives to address crisis situations, the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Classification, also abbreviated as IPC-Chronic, has been designed to complement IPC Acute Food Insecurity Classification and provide crucial information for strategic and interlinked food security programming and policies.
The IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Classification provides invaluable information for decision makers that focus on medium and long term objectives, making IPC an inclusive classification system to inform both crisis mitigation and prevention as well as structural and developmental policies and programs. In particular, the IPC-Chronic:
- Measures the extent, severity and underlying factors of food insecurity
- Clarifies differences between the causes, outcomes and character of acute and chronic food insecurity
- Focuses on the analysis of structural and underlying causes of food insecurity
- Detangles chronic food insecurity from poverty
- Informs medium and long-term programmes and policies to address structural inefficiencies and poverty, strengthening livelihoods, and increasing resilience.
The development process of the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Classification started in 2011 with the development of an initial prototype, which was included in the version 2.0 of the IPC Technical Manual (2012). Over two years of preparation and piloting of improved prototypes, numerous and intense multi-partner technical discussions led to the finalization of the version 1.0 of the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Classification.
New Tools, Old Principles
A multi-partner technical working group including experts from various major food security agencies and the development sector was crucial all along the development process and in achieving the finalized parameters, tools and procedures, and associated guidance for the roll-out of the IPC chronic food insecurity classification.
- IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Reference Table, a four-level scale to classify the severity of chronic food insecurity of population groups based on common reference indicators.;
- The Analysis Worksheets for the analysis of evidence and underlying factors of chronic food insecurity; and
- The New Communication Template and Mapping Protocols to reflect the final overview of chronic food insecurity situation analysis, main conclusions and key implications for medium and long-term response.
The IPC chronic food insecurity analysis follows the IPC core principles, such as consensus building and convergence of evidence, and is conducted according to the four IPC core functions.
Relation Between Acute and Chronic Food Insecurity
Acute food insecurity and chronic food insecurity are not mutually exclusive: a given area or a population group can be in one condition, or both, simultaneously. The combination of acute and chronic food insecurity analysis will give the decision-makers a comprehensive understanding of the situation in the analysed area thus informing effective response planning, both for short-, medium- and long-term. For more information read >> IPC-Chronic Brief
> IPC-Chronic Pilot Process and Timeline
> IPC-Chronic Roll-Out