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Technical Development

The IPC was originally developed in Somalia under the FAO Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) in 2004. This successful experience led to the development of a standardized IPC approach that is now being used in several countries and continues to be refined and improved based on experiences in applying it at the regional and country level.

Technical development is a continuous process conducted through international seminars, experts’ studies, stakeholders’ consultations, series of lesson learning exercises for distilling best practices at national and regional levels and ad-hoc online community forum. The aim is to keep refining the tools and processes to support a standardized classification system, which can be applied in different country contexts.

IPC Technical Development from Manual version 1.0 to 2.0

The version 1 of the IPC Technical Manual was developed by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) in 2006 with the title “Integrated Food Security and Humanitarian Phase Classification (IPC) Technical Manual version 1”. The version 1 of IPC was the result of the joint efforts and contributions of many expert practitioners and high level decision-makers.

A revised version of the IPC Technical Manual v1.1 was released in 2008 with the purpose of introducing key revisions which had emerged from two years of extensive field application and inter agency technical consultations. Revisions done include:

  • changing the name from the “Integrated Food Security and Humanitarian Phase Classification” to the “Integrated Food Security Phase Classification”;
  • adding an optional division of Phase 1 into two phases: Phase 1A and 1B.; 
  • changing the name of Phase 2 from “Chronically Food Insecure” to “Moderately/Borderline Food
    Insecure”; 
  • changing the terminology from “Early Warning Levels” to “Risk of Worsening Phase”; 
  • making changes to the design of the Analysis Templates;
  • making changes in the cartographic protocols.

Since the release of the IPC Technical Manual V 1.1, many countries in Africa, Asia and Central America have introduced the IPC for improved food security analysis. This widespread application emphasizes the need to ensure that the IPC can accommodate a variety of country conditions and institutional settings. To this purpose, lessons learnt have been collected and expert studies have been led by the IPC Global Support Unit and validated by the IPC Multi‐Agency Steering Committee.

Building on this experience, the new Version 2.0 aims to meet the challenges emerged from the field application of IPC and offers new innovations such as the IPC Analytical Framework and an approach for analysing Chronic Food Insecurity to complement the analysis of Acute Food Insecurity.  Version 2.0 also reconciles key differences in approaches to food security analysis across national governments and international agencies, allowing for greater buy-in and collaboration without compromising the quality of the IPC analysis.

IPC Technical Manual 2.0

SICAThe World Food Programme (WFP)Save the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionFood Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF