The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), developed in 2004 to guide response to the food security crisis in Somalia, has evolved to be applicable in different country contexts, focusing not only on acute food insecurity but also on chronic food insecurity and nutrition analysis. As of 2015, the IPC is regularly used in 26 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America to help decision makers better address the food insecurity challenge.
The IPC initiative is managed by the IPC Global Steering Committee, currently composed of eleven representatives: ACF, CARE, CILSS (West Africa), EC-JRC, FAO, FEWS NET, Global Food Security Cluster, Oxfam, Save the Children, SICA-PRESANCA (Central America) and WFP. The IPC Global Support Unit, reporting to the IPC Global Steering Committee, guides the implementation of IPC through a network of IPC Coordinators seconded to the regions. IPC Regional Coordinators are linked to regional governmental and partner platforms and provide technical training and coordination support to countries implementing IPC.
To build on the successes achieved to-date, the IPC Partnership has developed a multi-year and results-based Global Strategic Programme, whose duration has been recently extended from 3 to 5 years, until 2018. The IPC Global Strategic Programme (2014-2018) ensures that the IPC is adequately supported as an international global standard in the food security field, effectively informing food security policies.
Learning from years of country application, the Version 2.0 of the IPC Technical Manual was released in 2012, leading to greater rigor and quality of products. Initially designed to be used in crisis contexts, the IPC scale has been expanded to also measure chronic food insecurity in non-crisis contexts. The IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Classification was launched in July 2014 and rolled out in 8 countries, from September 2014 to January 2015.
Moreover, with the expansion of IPC, a new interest has risen also to complement the IPC analysis also with a comprehensive nutrition component. In response to this demand, the IPC Global Partnership has committed to developing the IPC Nutrition Phase Classification.
Other important focuses of the IPC initiative are the application of the IPC Certification Programme to professionalize IPC Analysts and build a pool of IPC Trainers at country level, as well as the development of the IPC Quality and Compliance Review Policy and IPC Strategic Engagement Plan. Also important the promotion of IPC Information Support System (ISS), a web-based application designed to efficiently create, store, and disseminate the IPC analyses and information.
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