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IPC Support to El Nino Response in Southern Africa

Information Note on the Summary of IPC Results for Southern Africa: Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

Unprecedented El Niño and weather-related stress was triggered in Southern Africa in the past two years, and with devastating effect on the region’s food security. Thus, leading to serious consequences that will persist until around the next harvest in March 2017. The current El Niño is forecasted to persist until mid-2016, after which conditions are expected to return to neutral or La Niña in Southern Africa before the end of the year. 


Given the increasing food insecurity in the region, the SADC RVAC (Regional Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis Committee - through the National Vulnerability Assessment Committees- NVACs) agreed to undertake and completed between April and June 2016 a round of IPC Acute food insecurity analyses in 5 countries that are at risk, namely Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe


The National VAC in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is in process of concluding the IPC Acute analyses in the coming weeks.Further, the National VAC in Madagascar will undertake a high level awareness raising event, IPC Acute Level 1 Training and Acute Analysis Worskhop in September 2016.


In this framework, the IPC GSU provided coordination, technical and financial support to the IPC Regional Technical Working Group (IPC RTWG), which is a sub-working group of the SADC Regional Vulnerability Assessment Committee (RVAC). The IPC Southern African Regional Coordinator coordinated all technical support and a core team of IPC GSU and Global Partner experts, composed of IPC Technical Development Officer, IPC Senior Food Security Officer and IPC Quality and Compliance Officer from WFP-HQs, was deployed to support the overall process of integrating IPC into the country-level vulnerability assessment and analysis (VAA), including data collection and preparation, IPC training and analysis, reporting and dissemination of the results. 


Read >>  Note on IPC Summary Results for Southern Africa developed by the IPC GSU


Regional Dissemination and Use of the IPC Analysis Results 


IPC Analyses are providing comparable findings for understanding the severity of the situation and acquiring population numbers by IPC phase to be used to inform the El Nino response. 


With the support of the IPC GSU, National VACs in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe disseminated key findings by producing full analysis reports, short briefs and synthesis that have been used to inform key regional events.  


On 6-7 June, the IPC analysis results for Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland were presented along with the findings from the countries’ Vulnerability Assessments and Analyses (VAA) at the Regional SADC RVAC Dissemination Meeting. On 9-10 June, a regional synthesis presentation including VAA findings and the number of food insecure people for the 4 countries mentioned above was made to decision makers. 


The major milestone is the use of the IPC population numbers in Regional Humanitarian Appeal which was officially launched by SADC on 26 July 2016.  

Publication date
Jul 2016
Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD