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Title

Official Release of the Results of 1st Round of IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analysis in Bangladesh

Subtitle
Bangladesh call for action to decrease food insecurity and chronic malnutrition
Description

A Multi-Partner Driven Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Revealed 27 Percent of the population is Chronically Food Insecure in 18 Districts of Bangladesh. 

 

Twenty seven percent of the total population in eighteen vulnerable districts in the northern and southern parts of Bangladesh suffer from chronic food insecurity and nine percent of this population is severely chronically food insecure. 

 

The chronically food insecure population usually consumed inadequate quantity of food for more than 2 months of the year, their quality of diet is not adequate and their households have moderate to severe chronically malnourished children. The share of chronically food insecure population is higher in northern districts than in the coastal districts.

 

Of the eighteen districts that were analysed, Kurigram is the most affected district, classified in the category of Severe Chronic Food Insecurity (IPC Level 4). Thirteen districts are classified in Moderate Chronic Food Insecurity (IPC Level 3) and four districts are in the category of Mild Chronic Food Insecurity (IPC Level 2).  The highest proportion of chronically food insecure population - 25 percent and above - was estimated in Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Gaibandha, Rangpur, Sirajganj, Jamalpur, Jhalokathi, Patuakhali and Pirojpur.

 

High stunting rate in children under five and insufficient diet diversity of women are areas of concern in all the 18 districts. The prevalence is higher in the northern districts compared to the south. 

 

Generally dependency on low valued livelihoods, poverty, limited access to improved sanitation, low levels of literacy and frequency of natural disasters are the major drivers of higher levels of Chronic Food Insecurity.

 

Special Guest of the launching ceremony, Director General of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) appreciated the IPC process and assured to continue to provide all sort of technical support and some key information needed for IPC Analysis through BBS lead surveys.  

 

Chief Guest of the launching ceremony, honourable Secretary, Ministry of Food, mentioned in her speech that “IPC is becoming strong for improved analysis within the cross-cutting field of food security to greater comparability of results from one place to another and increase relevance to strategic decision making.”

 

The Chair of the launching ceremony, Director General of FPMU, MoFood highly appreciated the Chronic Report. He mentioned, “I am reiterating the same hope as mentioned by our secretary that such initiatives will continue to be operative in future.”

 

The findings of the chronic food security analysis were derived through the application of a globally standardized food security classification system called Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC). In Bangladesh, IPC is applied by a multi-stakeholder Technical working Group housed at the Food Planning and Monitoring Unit (FPMU) of the Ministry of Food. The IPC analysis is conducted by multi partners from relevant government and UN agencies and national and international NGOs through evidence based consensus. The analysis looked into two to three years of data relevant for food security analysis. The major data sources for this analysis are the Food Security and Nutrition Surveillance of Helen Keller International, Poverty map of BBS, World Food Program (WFP) and the World Bank, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) data of BBS and UNICEF, Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) data of National Institutes of Population Research and Training (NIPPORT)/Ministry of Health (MoH), and the agriculture production data of BBS. The analysis was conducted in November 2014. It remains valid for three to four years.

Country
Asia & Near East Bangladesh
Publication date
Nov 2015
Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD