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Pakistan: Acute Malnutrition Situation in Sindh Province April-June 2017 and Projection for July-September 2017

01/04/2017 - 30/09/2017

All three districts (Jamshoro, Umerkot and Tharparkar) of Sindh Province included in the IPC Acute Malnutrition (IPC AMN) analysis have been classified as being in phase 4, (Critical phase) according to the IPC AMN scale during April – June 2017, which is lean/post-harvest period in majority of the areas of these districts. As per the findings of the IPC AMN analysis, Jamshoro and Tharparkar districts are on “borderline” with the phase 5 of IPC AMN, which is the “Extreme Critical” Phase, where nearly 1 in 5 children is acutely malnourished.

According to the IPC AMN projection analysis, which was based on some assumptions, the situation is likely to remain the same in Jamshoro and Umerkot districts while some improvements are expected in Tharparkar District during the monsoon season (July-September 2017). However, the improvement expected is at a small scale which will unlikely change the phase classification for the district – i.e. the district will likely continue to remain in the same Critical phase. Major contributing factors to acute malnutrition identified are (1) very poor quality of food intake by children (most likely resulting from very high acute food insecurity in the areas), (2) relatively high prevalence of diseases (particularly diarrhoea), (3) poor sanitation system; and (4) poor feeding practices (e.g. very low level of exclusive breastfeeding). 

Several structural issues especially human, physical, and financial capital were also identified as major factors contributing to acute malnutrition in these areas.

Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD