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Burundi: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation December 2014-17/19

31/12/2014 - 31/12/2019
Updated in August 2016

According to the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity classification: 

  • 21% of the total population in Burundi are facing severe chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 4);
  • 29% moderate chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 3); 
  • 25% mild chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 2), and 
  • 25% co chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 1). 


The provinces of Bubanza, Cankuzo, Karusi, Kirundo, Kayanza, Muramvya, Muyinga, Ngozi, Rutana and Ruyigi are at level 4, while the remaining provinces are at level 3.


The underlying factors of chronic food insecurity in Burundi are very critical. Considering g that 90% of the population rely on agriculture, the availability of agricultural land is a limitation because the national average area is 0.5 ha per household, with provinces that have a density exceeding 400 inhabitants per km². Poverty in Burundi established by ISTEEBU in 2014 indicates that 58.3% of the population is classified as poor and that individual monetary poverty is 64.6%. The same report indicates that 72.7% of expenditure is allocated to food, while sources of income are limited and very little diversified. 


With respect to limiting factors, agricultural production provides only 65% of food availability requirements, less than 50% for cereals and pulses. Food access is particularly limited due to high food prices of staple foods, which have raised by more than 40% over the 10-year period.


Recommendations for decision making: 

  • Strengthening research stations and seed centers in the promotion of more efficient and nutritious agricultural varieties;
  • Establishment of a national subsidy program for quality seeds (potatoes, maize, beans and wheat);
  • The improvement of the nutritional value of food products through fortification of seeds and agri-food products;
  • Public awareness of nutrition education, introduction of nutrition programs in schools and raise awareness about family planning;
  • Promotion and strengthening of value chains and market of agricultural and livestock products;
  • Strengthening of public and private partnerships in increasing agricultural and livestock production;
  • Improvement of access to agricultural credit and establishing a guarantee fund for agricultural investment;
  • Development, rehabilitation and increase of water sources and supply for drinking water.


The results of the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity analysis will remain valid for next 3 to 5 years, in the absence of any structural changes.


Download below the Burundi IPC Chronic Food Insecurity brief (in french) and the presentation of the results (in french) >> 

Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD