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Nepal: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation, December 2014-2017/19

01/12/2015 - 31/12/2017
Over a half of the population in Nepal faces chronic food insecurity

According to the IPC chronic food insecurity analysis conducted by the multi-stakeholder IPC Nepal Technical Working Group (TWG) in December 2014, over half of the population is chronically food insecure, among them, 20% is facing moderate or severe chronic food insecurity (IPC level 3 or 4). 


The persistent food insecurity situation in Nepal depicted in November 2014 is likely to endure for 3 to 5 years, in the absence of major structural changes.


Areas where households have limited arable land and poor physical access to food tend to be the worst hit.


Implications for Response


Immediate Response:

  • Set-up safety net programs for the most vulnerable in Western Mountain, and, if feasible, in Far-western Hill, Mid-Western Hill, Central Mountain and Eastern Mountain.
  • Provide support and training for quick impact income generation activities, such as poultry farming, vegetables farming, fish-farming and handicraftmaking in the above-mentioned areas.


Mid-Term to Long Term Response:

  • Implement programmes to enhance agricultural productivity through, for instance, irrigation schemes, use of fertilizers, improved seeds, and improved breeds of livestock and poultry.
  • Increase farmers’ access to credit and technology; promote local production of high value crops with integration of livestock/poultry and/or fish products as well as processed products through increased access to technology for food processing; provide support services for food storage and preservation; and strengthen market linkages.
  • Create employment opportunities through the establishment of agriculture and non-agriculture based industries in the food insecure areas. 
Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD