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Philippines: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation in 15 provinces of Luzon and Mindanao, February 2016-19/21

01/02/2016 - 28/02/2021
2nd round of IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analysis

The present report highlights the main conclusions and issues of the second round of IPC-Chronic analysis that covered 15 provinces of which 10 are in the areas of Luzon and 5 are in Mindanao*. Provinces of Agusan del Norte, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato, Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental from Mindanao have higher poverty and stunting rates compared to the provinces from Luzon. Most of the provinces in Luzon are major producers of staple food commodities in the country.


In 15 provinces analyzed for round 2 of chronic food insecurity phase Classification (CFI), ten provinces are in Moderate CFI (Level 3) and five provinces are in Mild CFI (Level 2). Around 9.6 million people (60%) are chronically food insecure of which 17% falls within level 3 and 8% within level 4.


The major factors that were driving the provinces to moderate and severe chronic food insecurity classification are low quality food consumption due to increasing prices of nutritious food commodities and high poverty incidence. The population in Level 3 (IPC Moderate CFI) provinces in particular suffers from chronic malnutrition as evidenced by high stunting prevalence due to high percentage of children not meeting the minimum dietary diversity, while at least a quarter of the population still relies on non-improved water source. Child care practices are poor as evidenced by low rates of initiation of breastfeeding and practice of exclusive breastfeeding. While employment rate is high, majority of the employed are farmers, forestry workers and fishermen, and laborers and unskilled workers.


*The IPC results on the persistent food insecurity situation in Haiti remains valid for next 3 to 5 years, in the absence of any major structural changes.


Download below the full report on the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analysis for 18 provinces of Mindanao Island Group of the Philippines >> 

Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD