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Philippines: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation in 18 districts of Mindanao, January 2015-18/20

01/06/2015 - 31/01/2018
1st round of IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analysis

According to the IPC chronic food insecurity analysis conducted for 18 provinces of Mindanao in January 2015*, almost all of the areas were found to be severe or moderate chronic food insecure and are classified in level 3 and 4 of IPC chronic food insecurity scale. Among those:

  • Two provinces (Lanao del Sur and Sulu in ARMM) and 15-30% of households within them are classified are severely chronically food insecure (IPC Level 4).
  • 15 provinces and 25 and 50% of households within them are moderately or severely chronically food insecure (IPC Level 3).
  • Only one province (Zamboanga del Sur) is classified as Mild CFI IPC Level 2 where about 15% of households have moderate or severe levels of chronic food insecurity.

As a result, the provinces of Lanao Del Sur and Sulu account for the highest percentage of population that are chronically food insecure, with less than 15% of households classified as food secure and around one in two households moderately or severely food insecure. These households tend to have poor food consumption, both in terms of quantity and quality, throughout the year and very high levels of stunting.


While lack of adequate energy consumption is a major issue only for those populations that are classified in Level 3 and 4 of chronic food insecurity (about 30% of households), the quality of food consumption and diversification of food are generally poor and a major problem throughout the provinces, affecting around 75% of the households.


The main reason for the better condition of Zamboanga del Sur is high family income and better employment opportunities which can be attributed to low unemployment and underemployment rate in the province.


The most chronically food insecure tend to be the illiterate, landless poor households and ethnic minorities.


Consistently, almost all of the provinces of Mindanao, except for Davao Oriental, have high to very high prevalence of stunting with prevalence ranging from 31- 49% of children under 5 years being stunted.


Key information relevant for response analysis & decision makers: 

  • Urgent need for advocacy and awareness programs to create behavioural change amongst primary caregivers;
  • Labor market interventions integrated within social protection programs to enhance both infrastructure development and employment and income generation;
  • It is imperative to invest in interventions to boost the agricultural sector;
  • Long-term peacebuilding strategies should be adapted to address the root causes of human-induced disaster, and external interventions aimed at improving food access and stability of food supplies. 

*The IPC results on the persistent food insecurity situation in Haiti remains valid for next 3 to 5 years, in the absence of any major structural changes.


Download below the full report on the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analysis for 18 provinces of Mindanao Island Group of the Philippines >> 


Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD