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Haiti: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation, October 2015-2018/20

01/10/2015 - 31/10/2018
About 43% of the population suffers severe and moderate chronic food insecure

According to the IPC chronic food insecurity analysis conducted in October 2015*, about 70% the population is chronically food insecure, among them, 43% is facing moderate and severe chronic food insecurity (IPC level 3 or 4). 


All analysed areas were classified into moderate chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 3) or severe chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 4), in particular: Northwest, Northeast, Central, Southeast, North (Ranquite, Pignon, LaVictoire, Dondon, St Raphael, Bahon) and Artibonite (Anse-Rouge,Terre Neuve, Gonaives, Gros Morne, St Marc, La Chapelle, Verettes, La Chapelle). 


The population classification is described as below: 

  • About 15% of the population of the analysed areas are in severe chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 4). The affected households suffer from lack of food due to seasonal shortfalls for more than 4 months of the year, have inadequate food consumption and are likely to have children with severe growth retardation.
  • About 28% of the population are facing moderate chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 3). At this level, households have ongoing mild deficits in food quantity and seasonal food quantity deficits for 2 to 4 months of the year and consistently do not consume a diet of adequate quality. They are also likely to have children with moderate stunting.
  • About 31% of the population are slight food insecurity (IPC Level 2). Households have an access to an adequate quantity of food but not always have a quality diet. HHs are not likely to have moderately or severely stunted children.


Key limiting and underlying factors: 


Households ‘access to food is greatly limited due to their low purchasing power and high dependence on the market for basic foodstuffs. Inadequate access to safe drinking water, affecting more than half of the households in all areas is another major limiting factor. The recurrence and high exposure to hazards and some livelihood-related factors are contributing to chronic food insecurity. Among these factors:

  • Low levels of literacy and school attendance;
  • Precarious sources of income;
  • Degradation of natural resources (soil, water and forests);
  • Low availability and poor infrastructure.


Implications for Response in the most affected areas: 

  • Prioritize the areas and the populations in these areas that are classified to be in severe chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 4). It is cirtical to implement social protection programmes aimed at improving the quality and quantity of food consumption, as well as additional programmes to address the major underlying factors in order to substantially reduce food insecurity and chronic malnutrition
  • For areas and populations facing moderate chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 3), it is essential to focus on programmes that address the underlying factors for increasing the quality and quantity of consumption food and reduce chronic malnutrition. 

The IPC results on the chronic food insecurity situation in Haiti remains valid for next 3 to 5 years, in the absence of any major structural changes.


Download the report of the IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Analysis in Haiti (in french) below >> 

Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD