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Madagascar (Grand Sud): Projected Acute Food Insecurity Situation - October 2016 - March 2017

06/10/2016 - 31/03/2017

According to the IPC acute food insecurity analysis in Southern Madagascar*, 52% of households in 8 districts of the Grand Sud of Madagascar are severely food insecure (equivalent to IPC Phase 3 "Crisis" and IPC Phase 4 "Emergency"). Among those, 20 % are classified to be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) with have extreme food gaps and are in urgent need of assistance


Households in IPC Phase 4 are likely to be those who have lost all crops, do not own animals and do not have other significant sources of income apart from those related to agricultural activities. 


Evidence shows that the situation is likely to deteriorate in January-March 2017 if humanitarian assistance is not scaled up. During this period, food production, stocks and income will continue to be insufficient to allow adequate food consumption of households that are already facing acute food insecurity conditions. 


The highest proportions of acutely food insecure populations are observed in Tsihombe, Beloha and Amboasary Sud districts. The most food insecure include households with poor food consumption patterns and which resort to coping strategies that are typical of emergency and crisis conditions, including consumption of seeds, sale of productive assets etc. 


The main causes of the severe situation in the most affected districts are the devastating effects of El Nino, including poor rainfall, which have resulted in insufficient household agricultural production (corn, cassava and rice) and depletion of food stocks. Rising food prices have further exacerbated the situation and significantly affected households’ purchasing power in a context of limited resilience to climate and natural shocks.





  • Provide immediate humanitarian assistance, especially food aid to the estimated 52% of people in IPC Phase 3 and 4 in the most affected districts and municipalities. 
  • Urgently distribute seeds and cuttings of corn, sorghum, cassava to abovementioned populations as complementary intervention to food aid for seeds protection purposes.
  • Implement other interventions focused on livelihoods protection and assets recovery in all IPC Phase 3 and IPC Phase 4 areas. 
  • Support the estimated 32% of people in IPC Phase 2 in order to prevent further deterioration of their food insecurity 
  • Scale-up prevention, screening and treatment of acute malnutrition in all districts.  
  • Increase WASH and basic health emergency programmes targeting the most vulnerable.  


*The IPC acute food insecurity analysis was conducted in September - October 2016 by the Multi-Sectoral IPC Technical Working Group (TWG), which is coordinated by the Vulnerability Assessment Committee (VAC) of SADC. 


Download the full IPC Analysis Report (in french) below >> 

Related Resources

IPC Acute Food Insecurity Situation in the Grand Sud of Madagascar (Oct.16-Mar.17): 

Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD