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Bangladesh: Chronic Food Insecurity Situation in 18 districts, November 2014-2017/19

01/11/2014 - 30/11/2017
Bangladesh
Subtitle
1st Round of IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Classification
Description

According to the IPC chronic food insecurity analysis conducted for 18 districts by the multi-stakeholder IPC Bangladesh Technical Working Group (TWG) in November 2014, 10.3 million people are chronically food insecure of which 6.7 million are in moderate chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 3) and, of major concern, 3.6 million are in severe chronic food insecurity (IPC Level 4) requiring action from the government and development community.

 

The persistent food insecurity situation in Bangladesh was depicted in November 2014 and is likely to endure for 3 to 5 years, in the absence of major structural changes. The most affected district is Kurigram which is suffering of severe chronic food insecurity. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the district also experienced an Emergency situation according to the IPC Acute Food Insecurity analysis of August 2014.The other districts with higher proportion of chronically food insecure population are Gaibandha, Lalmonirhat, Jamalpur, Sirajganj, Rangpur, Jhalokathi, Pirojpur and Patuakhali.

 

The most impacted populations are those who depend on low valued livelihoods like marginal farmers, agriculture wage laborers and marginal fishermen.

 

This high chronic food insecurity is caused by seasonal scarcity of work, high poverty rates, unsustainable coping strategy and loss of livelihoods, assets and displacement, due to regular flood, river bank erosion and, cyclone, compounded by limited interventions for recovery and restoration of livelihoods.

 

Implications for Response

 

  • Integrate food security and nutrition interventions with food-based and economic empowerment programs targeting the poor and vulnerable and to those districts with a large share of malnourished children.
  • Sustain social protection programmes integrated with local production.
  • Expand market driven initiatives into social safety-net programmes with a gender-sensitive component to generate sustainable income opportunities, empower women and improve nutritional outcomes.
Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD